Why do you want to sleep? Sleepy. Causes
Chronic fatigue syndrome has become a familiar and widespread pathological condition of modern man. Apathy, inability to concentrate on important things, fatigue, lethargy, all the time want to sleep - these are the most common symptoms of a state of pathological prostration. Having felt such violations, most people rush to the doctor, the psychologist, to the pharmacy in order to urgently correct the body tone and bring the emotional state back to normal. However, before deciding on the feasibility of medical intervention, it is necessary to understand the reason for the disorder.
Disruption of natural rhythms
A well-known reason for the decrease in the overall tone of the body, in which there is always no strength and want to sleep, experts believe a violation of the natural rhythms of the body, in accordance with which all physical, mental and behavioral changes occur. Rhythms failures, as a rule, occur against the background of regular work according to a difficult schedule, when night shifts alternate with day shifts.Also such violations are inherent in people whose life is spent on constant traveling, business trips.
A frequent cause of disorders in the work of natural cycles is also considered to be apnea, or temporary cessation of breathing during sleep. Such forced pauses significantly disrupt the cycle of proper sleep, and the person does not fully relax due to this disorder, despite the fact that it lays down on time and sleeps all night.
A less common, but rather serious cause of increased sleepiness is a disorder in the central nervous system. Neurologists call this disorder hypersomnia, or increased sleepiness. With that, the man sleeps quietly the night, he wakes up with difficulty in the morning, after some time he wants to sleep again. Another disorder of the central nervous system called narcolepsy is characterized by the inability of the brain to regulate sleep cycles. During the day, the patient experiences unexpected bouts of prostration, tends to sleep, muscle tone decreases, and in rare cases hallucinations appear. Such disorders require the intervention of a neurologist and medical treatment of the disorder.
Physiological consequence of the load on the analyzers
In some cases, the central nervous system, acting for the good of the body, forcibly starts the processes of inhibition. This happens during certain body overloads. First of all, a person tends to sleep after a long continuous load on visual analyzers. This happens with a long work with a computer, watching TV and other continuous loads. To protect the organs of vision and the brain, forced inhibition of activity is activated, which leads to a slower response. No less often, the brain also includes protection in case of auditory overloads: strong noise in the office, at work. In these cases, a person during the day may repeatedly fall into short-term drowsiness and apathy, which is considered to be the natural response of a healthy organism to an overload of analyzers.
Drowsiness after eating
Sometimes a sudden drowsiness finds a person immediately after a hearty lunch. At the same time, before lunch, his activity did not cause concern, the man showed vigor of mind and body, but after a hearty lunch in the middle of the day he suddenly felt very sleepy.The reasons for this state lie in the active energy costs required by the body to digest food. Many organs and their systems are simultaneously included in the process of processing and assimilation of nutrients, which causes a kind of energy hunger against the backdrop of food satiety. In addition, the brain itself at the time of overeating turns off the signal system aimed at the production of special substances. In turn, they do not allow a person to fall asleep when he is hungry, and will stimulate his activity, directing him to search for food. In a well-fed person, these processes are temporarily inactive, which explains why you want to sleep at the height of the working day.
Reaction to stressful stimuli
Experts also consider the body's reaction to stress factors to cause sudden drowsiness. A modern person experiences stress during the day several times: in a crowded subway, a minibus, a queue at a clinic and a supermarket, at work and in the office. These factors, accumulating, threaten to pass the threshold of stress resistance, and the person himself is already threatened with a state of a strong nervous breakdown.A natural reaction of the body to emotional overload will be the slowing down of mental processes, which experts consider a defensive reaction of the brain and psyche. This explains why you want to sleep at work or at the institute, but at home on a day off such symptoms are not observed.
Waiting for a miracle ...
A common cause of persistent drowsiness in women is a pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. In some cases, periods of nighttime are lengthened, the woman begins to sleep not 7-8 hours, but all 10-12, and only then she feels rested. But more often it happens that during the day characteristic symptoms appear several times: you want to sleep, you get a feeling of physical fatigue and emotional exhaustion, bouts of dizziness and apathy. Such a state arises against the background of a stormy hormonal restructuring of the body, which requires a break to restore energy balance. Gynecologists after fixing similar symptoms in their patients, as a rule, prescribe a course of vitamins to support the body.
At the time of the disease of infectious or viral infections, the body's immune system suffers, and its maximum activation is required to fight the infection.If you feel sleepy all the time during an illness due to an elevated temperature, this is a normal symptom, which is considered to be the response and help of the body in fighting viruses. A convalescent person may also notice an increase in drowsiness and loss of strength. This state accompanies the recovery period, as in a dream the need for energy costs is significantly reduced. During sleep, the convalescent body directs all forces to restore the immune system, normalize the characteristics of the blood picture, including hemoglobin. It is anemia that has recently become a frequent answer to the question of why I want to sleep during the day.
Drowsiness against intoxication
Sometimes a person does not even realize that his state of pathological drowsiness is directly related to his bad habits. Acute and chronic body poisoning causes pronounced and prolonged drowsiness not only at night, but also during daytime hours. Few people think about the fact that alcohol, nicotine, and narcotic and toxic substances are poison for the body. Alcohol is considered the most common domestic poison, so many may experience a state of drowsiness even against the background of a couple of bottles of beer drunk.
Nicotine, in turn, is no less frequent cause of sudden fatigue and the answer to the question of why you want to sleep. Smoking causes a spasm of blood vessels, which contributes to the deterioration of the blood supply and slowing oxygen to the brain. That is why about a third of smokers suffer from chronic sleepiness syndrome.
As a result of diseases of the internal organs ...
Sometimes fatigue and fatigue are a direct consequence of the emerging pathology of internal organs. First of all, it concerns diseases of the cardiovascular system, in which the blood supply to the brain is impaired. Diagnosis of renal pathologies will also help to understand why you want to sleep at the most inappropriate time for this. The latter cause a delay in the blood of nitrogen salts, which disrupts the normal functioning of the sleep-wake phase. Liver diseases also have a similar effect on the body, and such pathologies tend to develop into a coma, since a high content of toxic substances accumulates in the blood. Late and uncontrolled drowsiness can also cause internal bleeding, cancer, mental disorders.Timely diagnosis of the condition of the body and the correct diagnosis will help the doctor determine what to do. If you want to sleep at an unusual time of day and this condition is repeated more and more often, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Consequence of endocrine disorders
Doctors endocrinologists, for their part, caution that often hormonal disorders or pathologies in the work of the endocrine glands are often the cause of severe drowsiness and lowered emotionality. For example, a pathology such as a drop in the level of activity of the thyroid gland causes severe and constant fatigue, apathy and drowsiness due to pronounced starvation of the brain. Adrenal insufficiency also leads to hormonal failure, so it can also be the answer to the question of why you want to sleep during the day. This symptom is also one of the signs of a formidable endocrine disorder called diabetes mellitus. Thus, people experiencing persistent pathological drowsiness should be seriously puzzled by such a violation and promptly seek medical help.
Banal lack of sleep?
The fact that a person cannot live without sleep is an axiom known since ancient times. Doctors regularly pay attention to the fact that it is necessary to sleep at least 7-8 hours a day, in order not to want to sleep at the most inappropriate time for this. If a person regularly deprives himself of a full night’s rest, then during the day the brain will automatically shut off for a few seconds in order to compensate for the lack of a night's sleep. Before starting to look for the cause of pathological drowsiness in physical pathologies and diseases, it is necessary to analyze the organization of the regime and optimize it if necessary.
Head and brain injuries
A less common cause of abnormal mental cessation is considered to be head or brain injuries: concussions, open and closed head injuries and hemorrhages. Sharp and unexpected drowsiness against the background of a severe head injury should cause immediate contact with the hospital for help. Such a symptom is considered quite formidable on the background of an injury, and only a doctor can decide what to do. If you want to sleep after a strong header, then, most likely,this is due to a disorder of consciousness, and this is a serious cause for concern, signaling serious disturbances and threatening with no less serious consequences. This state suggests that qualified medical care is not enough.