Who built the city and named it Sevastopol? How is the name translated?

Who built the city and named it Sevastopol? How is the name translated?

  1. Sevasto # 769; pol (Sevastopol, Crimea. Aqyar) is a city of national importance in Ukraine, a hero city. It is located on the Black Sea coast of the Crimean peninsula. It was founded by the Russian Rear Admiral of Scottish origin Thomas Mekenzi (Mekenzi Thomas Fomich) in 1783 after the conquest of the Crimea by the Russian Empire as a fortress and, subsequently, a port. Sevastopol is today the largest non-freezing sea trade, fishing port, industrial, scientific and technical, recreational and cultural and historical center of the Crimea. The main bases of the Russian Black Sea Fleet and the Ukrainian Navy are located in Sevastopol.
    The city name consists of two Greek words: #931; #949; #946; #945; #963; #964; #959; #962; (Sebastos) highly respected, sacred and #960; #959; #955; #953; #962; (policy), the city of Sebastos is the equivalent of the Latin title August, therefore Sevastopol means the most august city, the imperial city. In the literature, other translations were also cited, for example, in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia the title was translated as a majestic city, a city of glory.
  2. In ancient times in the region of Sevastopol was the ancient city of Chersonesos. Sevastopol was founded in 1783 as a naval port and fortress.
  3. The second half of the eighteenth century. Prince Potemkin-Tavrichesky.
  4. Sevastopol was founded in 1783 year, after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, as the base of the Russian Black Sea squadron. But even five years earlier, Alexander Suvorov's decision on the shores of the Sevastopol Bay was used to build the first earthworks and place Russian troops. 3 Originally, the settlement was called Ahtiyar, after the former on-site town of the Crimean Tatar village of Ak-Yar, until 10 (21) February 1784, Catherine II by its decree ordered G. A. Potemkin to place a large fortress in his place and call Sevastopol. 4 The city name consists of two Greek words: #931; #949; #946; #945; #963; #964; #959; #962; (Sebastos) highly respected, sacred and #960; #959; #955; #953; #962; (policy) 5 city Sebastos is the equivalent of the Latin title August, therefore Sevastopol means the most august city, the imperial city. 6 In the literature, other translations were also cited, for example, in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia the title was translated as a majestic city, a city of glory. 7 In 1797, the Emperor Paul renamed him Ahtiyar. In 1826, the Senate decree returned the former Greek name of Sevastopol. FF Ushakov, appointed in 1788 by the commander of the port and the Sevastopol squadron, took over the initial scheme of the city's construction. He built many houses, barracks, a hospital, roads, markets, wells. 8

    In 1802, Sevastopol entered the Tavria province, 9 and two years later it was declared the main military port of the Black Sea of ​​the Russian Empire. In the same year, 1804, the commercial port was closed, although it was opened in 1808, but again closed in 1809 until 1820, when the port for intra-Russian trade opened in the city. 10 International commercial port in Sevastopol was not until 1867 year. 11 The city was a military, working for the fleet. In 1822 year from 25-thousandth population of Sevastopol less than 500 people were civilians.

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