What should be in the first-aid kit at home: a list of drugs
What everyone should know in the first-aid kit at home, since the main purpose of the first-aid kit is to quickly and effectively deal with such problems as:
- digestive problems and more.
It is especially important to know what should be in the first-aid kit at home if there are small children, since various troubles can often happen to the child.
What should be in the first-aid kit
Many are interested in what should be in the first-aid kit at home. The list of drugs depends on the age and health of family members. However, there are common components that must be available, in particular:
- analgesics and antispasmodics;
- medications for intestinal disorders;
- antiviral agents;
- some heart drugs;
It is very convenient if all these drugs and tools will be sorted into separate groups - at the right time they will not have to search for a long time.
For first aid, a person must always have dressings, so it is important to know what should be in the first aid kit at home. The list of the most necessary funds includes:
- cotton wool;
- adhesive plaster
Sterile bandage is used for dressings, non-sterile helps to fix bandages for dislocations and fractures of the extremities, and is also used for compresses. Cotton wool is used for compresses, lotions, and also as a gasket material for dressings. In addition, it is desirable to have an elastic bandage against bruises and sprains.
These materials will help with absolutely any skin lesions. With their help, a burn or wound can be dried, treated with an antiseptic and protected from infection. It should be noted that the dressing material does not deteriorate for a long time, so you can stock up on them in sufficient quantities.
What should be in the first-aid kit at home, you need to know everyone.Be sure to require external application tools that will help to cope with various problems. In particular, should be:
- drugs to stop the blood;
- funds from hematomas and edema.
The first-aid kit should contain iodine, which is used for treating scratches, wounds, and sealing sites after injections. Brilliant green solution is used to disinfect wounds and treat infectious vesicles.
Hydrogen peroxide, Miramistin, and chlorhexidine solution are well suited for washing the wound surface. The principle of action of these antimicrobial agents is the same, which one to choose for a home first-aid kit is not important.
Means for treating wounds and burns
Furacilin acts as an antimicrobial agent for treating wounds, hydrogen peroxide is an antimicrobial and hemostatic agents. As a means of burns used drug "Panthenol". If there are wounds and deep lesions, only edges should be treated with iodine in order not to irritate the damaged tissue.
Many are interested in what should be in the first-aid kit at home,so that you can eliminate emerging health problems. It is advisable to have anesthetics and antipyretic drugs at home. Many of these drugs help to simultaneously eliminate pain and reduce fever. In particular, these include the drugs "Aspirin", "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen", as well as "Analgin". Their number should be such that a person is enough for about 2-3 days.
Almost every adult has experience using these medications and knows what helps him the most. Women should have combined means in their medicine cabinet that will help eliminate muscle and headache at the same time. However, it is worth remembering that such combination drugs are not always suitable.
Painkillers help eliminate cramps, however, they should not be used if there is pain in the abdomen or if there is a threat of a stroke. Required painkillers and antispasmodics. Analgesics are required for:
- headache, muscle pain, and toothache;
- intestinal and hepatic colic;
- injuries and bruises.
In childhood, it is allowed to use painkillers made on the basis of ibuprofen or paracetomol, in particular, such as Efferalgan, Panadol, Nurofen.Adults are suitable exactly the same drugs, but in pill form. In addition, you can apply drugs on the basis of dipyrone and acetylsalicylic acid, in particular, "Pentalgin", "Aspirin", "Sedalgin Neo", "Citramon". They should be applied as indicated in the instructions, but not more often than 4 times a day.
The next type of medication that should be in the first-aid kit at home is referred to as antispasmodics and helps to eliminate spasms of the digestive tract. In this case, drugs based on Drotaverine, in particular, “No-Shpa”, are required. They can be used for adults and children over 6 years old. Carrots are used for babies, such as Simethicone, Espumizan. However, you need to acquire them only after prior consultation with a doctor.
Soothing and heart remedies
Answering the question of what should be in the first-aid kit at home, it is important to choose the right sedatives to help get rid of the pain in the heart, as well as for over-stimulation and heart palpitations. Among these drugs, the following should be highlighted:
You can find them in any pharmacy, and the price is acceptable.
Well helps validol, which is available in the form of capsules or tablets. This tool is used for hysteria, neurosis, angina, and also helps to cope with nausea during motion sickness. The tablet must be put under the tongue and slowly dissolve. If after about 5-10 minutes of relief does not come, then you need to contact the doctor for help. Medicines for the treatment of the cardiovascular system in the home first aid kit should be at least one blister or bottle.
In order to quickly cope with a cold or to strengthen the immune system in advance, it is important to know what should be in the first-aid kit at home. In acute respiratory diseases, the use of complex remedies is required, which help to eliminate fever, nasal congestion, muscle pain and aches.
Such drugs are available in the form of powders, which are then dissolved with warm water, in particular, Coldrex Hotrem, Tera Flu, Fervex or in tablet form, for example, Rinza, Coldrex. For children, antipyretic drugs are available in the form of syrups and candles.
Expectorant drugs, as well as various medicinal herbs that belong to herbal medicine help to cope with coughing.
Medicines for treating the stomach and intestines
It is difficult to avoid poisoning, especially if a person does not always eat at home, but prefers food services. Therefore, be sure to know what medicines should be in the first-aid kit at home to reduce intoxication. To remove toxic substances from the body must be activated carbon or "Smekta", and to restore the intestinal microflora and the normalization of the stool will require probiotics.
In case of poisoning and loose stools, Imodium helps. This drug makes it possible to compensate for the loss of fluid in the body and prevent dehydration. Of all these funds, it is enough to have one package at home, and activated carbon, which is taken 1 tablet for every 10 kg of a person’s weight, it is advisable to purchase several packages at once.
Other drugs and drugs
What must be in the first-aid kit at home is a matter of concern for so many people, since it is necessary to properly equip it so that the required preparations are always at hand.It is advisable to buy ammonia, it can be useful in fainting. It is necessary to use this tool very carefully, since an excessive amount of it can cause respiratory arrest.
After the holiday feast, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach from overeating may occur, so it is desirable that the houses have enzyme preparations, such as, for example, Festal, Mezim, and Pancreatin.
Allergy sufferers need to have antihistamines, which are prescribed by the doctor, and rhinitis drops.
For people with chronic diseases, it is important to have in a first-aid kit in sufficient quantities those medicines that they regularly take.
In addition, in the home first aid kit should be such means as:
- mustard plasters;
It is advisable to purchase a tonometer and an inhalation device.
Ready-made sets of first-aid kits are available for sale, the kit of which includes the most necessary medicines and other means.
How to store medicines
You need to know not only what should be in each first aid kit at home, but also how to properly store medicines. Improper storage of drugs may causethat they will lose their healing qualities, become useless, or turn into substances hazardous to life and health. Therefore, you need to store medicines in a strict order.
Many people prefer to leave the preparations in the kitchen, however, it is not recommended to do this, as there are changes in air temperature in this room. Harsh heating and cooling adversely affect the concentration of drugs. They can become deadly to humans. In addition, the ever-changing temperature significantly reduces the period of storage of drugs.
Some store medicines in the bathroom, but even with regular airing in this room there is an increased humidity. Under its influence the tightness of the package is broken, which reduces the useful qualities of the drug and decreases the storage time.
Do not store drugs on the window sill, as sunlight is contraindicated for most products. It is forbidden to leave drugs in the refrigerator, unless indicated.
Requirements for a home first aid kit
What should be the first-aid kit at home depends on various factors, in particular, from chronic diseases of family members.
There are certain rules for organizing a first-aid kit.Drugs should be stored in a dark, cool place.
The availability of drugs should be limited so that animals and children cannot get them. It is important to ensure that the date of manufacture and expiration date are printed on all packages. If the drug has instructions, then you need to ensure that it is located next to the medicine to which it relates.
Every six months, you need to conduct an audit, throw expired drugs and refill the first aid kit. It is best to store medicines in boxes, but to save space, you can write on a piece of paper and attach it to tablet plates. It is necessary to indicate the name, the purpose of the drug and the dosage.
How to recognize expired medications
It is necessary to know not only what to have in the first-aid kit at home, but also how to recognize low-quality and expired medicines. Tablets and pills should not have stains, cracks, scratches. Ointments must be squeezed out of tubes with a solid strip, not spread and not peel.
Liquid drugs cannot be used if they have partially evaporated or there is a precipitate in the form of flakes.
Home kit should be in every family, however, it is worth remembering that it is forbidden to prescribe their own medicines. This should be done only by a qualified doctor.