What is the state: the meaning of the word and examples of use
What is a state? This word is familiar to everyone because it is included in the name of the state - the United States of America, and designates an administrative-territorial unit with certain sovereignty. But there is still a staff, which is also known to many, but not all have an accurate idea of it. However, this word has other meanings. Detailed information on what a state is will be presented in this review.
What do dictionaries say?
The dictionaries give several meanings of the word "state", among which are the following.
- The composition of employees of any institution, that is, the people themselves working in it (the Director, turning directly to Alexander and shook his hand, congratulated him on his enrollment in the staff from today).
- The list of positions of a certain organization, on the basis of which the staffing table is drawn up and employees are selected for their replacement,that is, the document (After consulting, the members of the board of Impex Bank decided that the staff of their company was too bloated and required redundancy).
- The political and geographical term by which administrative-territorial units are designated, are in some countries, with internal self-government (Administrative units such as a state exist not only in the USA, but also, for example, in Australia, Mexico, India, Latin America).
Next, we give two more, less well-known meanings of the word in question, associated with the army and navy, which include:
- armbands of distinction in the specialties in the Navy, established for foremen, sergeants and privates , and among the foremen, sergeants and privates - a red thread);
- in the armed forces - an official document, which establishes the organizational structure of the military unit (the Instructor told the cadets to note in the abstract that the term "staff" can be applied to any type of military units and military institutions).
For a better understanding of what a state is, consider the origin of this term. The Russian word "state" was borrowed under Peter I through the New High German language, in which it looked like a staat, and came there from Middle High German, derived from stât in the meaning of "state, government." And the latter is associated with the Latin verb stare - “stand”, which is derived from the Latin noun status, meaning “state”.
Words similar in meaning
Consider synonyms and other related words to the linguistic object that we are studying, which will also help us to understand what a state is.
The term "state", used relatively to working in the company of people, they will be as follows:
To the word used in the meaning of the document is:
- staffing table;
- Company structure;
- the number of employees;
- organizational structure.
By the word "state" in the meaning of insignia, dictionaries provide such synonyms as:
Next, we consider in more detail some of the meanings of the word being studied.
State as an administrative unit
Such a unit exists within a number of federal entities, and its status (legal and legal) is determined by the constitution of the union, which includes the state. In addition, in some countries, states have their own constitutions.
As a rule, the state is headed by a governor who is elected by the people or appointed by the leadership of the country. Each of these entities has representatives in the state parliament. The number of such representatives determines the law. It can be made dependent on the size of the population, as, for example, in India, or it can be the same for all states - as, for example, in Brazil and the USA.
States in the USA
In this country, where there are only 50, these administrative-territorial units share their sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this separation, every American is both a citizen of a federal republic and a citizen of the state in which he lives.
In order to move from one state to another, permission is not needed if this is done voluntarily.But in the case of extradition between the states, an appropriate procedure is necessary, which is sometimes problematic.
It should be noted that the US Constitution provides residents of each state with all the benefits and privileges that citizens of other states have. As an example of the American state, let us briefly describe one of them.
State of kentucky
It is located in the east of the United States and is officially called the Commonwealth, being part of the states called the states of the Southeast Center. The population is about 4 million 370 thousand people, and this is the 26th place in the country.
The capital is located in the city of Frankfort, and the largest city is Louisville. Other major cities include Owensboro, Lexington-Fayette, Hopkinsville, Bowling Green. Every American state has its own motto, Kentucky has two of them: “We will stand together, and separately we will fall” and “Let's give thanks to the Lord.” The official nickname is - "Bluegrass State".
The name of Kentucky originates from the name of one of the Indian rivers. Regarding the meaning of this word, discussions have not ceased to this day. One of the versions says that the expression that gave rise to the name is interpreted as “The bloody and dark place is the territory for hunting”.According to other proposed options, this is the “Land of Meadows”, “Tomorrow's Country”.
As mentioned above, this concept includes both the collective of people and the position existing in the enterprise, in accordance with which they are recruited. In this review, we will pay attention to the first value and the notion of regular number associated with it.
What does it mean and why do you need to know about it? This term refers to the number of employees that an enterprise needs in order to fulfill its statutory goals. For those who are just starting their own business, there are often a lot of questions related to this concept.
First, knowledge of it is necessary in order to properly conduct economic calculations and competently manage an organization, since salaries and taxes that are paid from it to the state, as well as contributions to social funds, constitute a fairly significant share of the company's expenses.
Secondly, the full-time number of employees is an indicator on which it is necessary to regularly report to the tax authorities.Information about it is entered into the appropriate forms, which are filled strictly according to the rules approved by law. Therefore, you need to be very careful about the correct definition of such a number.
If we consider it in a broad sense, then these are the employees who work in positions that are reflected in the staffing table of the company, approved by the head. It would seem that everything is simple. But in the process of reporting begins a lot of questions.
For example, are those who work seasonally, or those with whom temporary cooperation agreements are concluded, included in the number of employees? The answer will be negative - no, do not enter. But in order to further resolve such issues, it is necessary that all processes associated with the movement of the number of employees in the enterprise be properly documented and controlled by the head.