Vertebral artery syndrome: symptoms, effects, treatment
Description of the disease
The term “vertebral artery syndrome” refers to the whole complex of symptoms resulting from compression of the vertebral artery (a.vertebralis) and the sympathetic plexus surrounding it. The factors causing its squeezing are often:
- different types of human spinal cord lesions in the neck (osteophytes, intervertebral hernia, osteochondrosis);
- the abnormal structure of the atlantosis articular joint;
- artery compression scars and formations.
Vertebral artery syndrome: symptoms of pathology
The most common symptom of the disease is severe headache. As a rule, people suffering from this ailment complain of burning, throbbing pain in the region from occiput to crown or from temple to brow brow. These feelings are constant, but there are cases when they can appear periodically, then they become stronger during sleep in an uncomfortable position or when walking.Even less often there are situations when even the slightest movements cause pain, however, at the same time a person can sometimes find the position of the head in which the pain practically ceases to disturb him. Often, patients whose doctors suspect vertebral artery syndrome complain of impaired visual acuity, pain in the eyeballs, blurred vision and "sand in the eyes."
Possible manifestations of vestibular and auditory disorders: hearing loss, sensation of noise, dizziness, slight loss of stability. In patients with concomitant cardiac disorders (hypertension, coronary artery disease), the vertebral artery syndrome may periodically manifest as acute pain of a pressing or squeezing character in the area behind the sternum, possibly increasing pressure. However, it should be noted that these symptoms are also characteristic of many other diseases, including acute cerebral circulatory disorders. The following signs may serve as a reason for immediate medical attention: dizziness, which lasts for a long time and is accompanied by vomiting and nausea; significant vision loss; disturbances of gait and motor functions for no reason.
Vertebral artery syndrome: effects
The progression of the disease can lead to some disorders. Among them are:
- ischemic attacks;
- movement disorders of a sensory nature;
- partial or complete loss of vision;
- violation of speech functions;
- difficulty swallowing;
- lack of coordination of movements;
- persistent nausea and vomiting.
Vertebral artery syndrome: treatment
The first step in the treatment of vertebral artery syndrome is a qualitative and timely diagnosis, allowing not only to exclude others, but also to identify the cause of the disease. In the case when the patient is suspected of impaired blood supply in the brain, it should be immediately hospitalized. Drug therapy is mainly aimed at treating the primary disease, which, in turn, was the cause of compression.