Treatment, causes and symptoms of ascites
Under ascites in medicine is understood asa disease in which a certain accumulation of fluid is observed in the abdominal cavity. Such an ailment can develop due to liver cirrhosis, circulatory disorders, oncology, as well as heart disease. In this article we will consider the symptoms of ascites, as well as the main methods of treatment. According to specialists, such a disease can occur suddenly and consistently develop during just a few months, while accompanied by flatulence and discomfort in the abdomen.
As already noted above, this kind of ailmentcan be caused by a variety of pathological processes in the body (eg, tumors, liver cirrhosis, tuberculosis of the peritoneum, etc.). If the cause lies in a variety of heart problems, the fluid, as a rule, accumulates in the soft tissues themselves and in the cavity of the so-called "pericardial" bag. In this case, patients often have swelling of the face and even limbs.
Symptoms of ascites and diagnosis
- First of all, doctors in patients observethe strongest swelling of the abdomen with this disease. It is noteworthy that patients randomly discover one day that previously suitable clothing is not fastened. Disorders in the intestine, regular swelling, discomfort - these are some of the symptoms of ascites. When tapping on the belly, the doctor, as a rule, hears an exceptionally deaf sound. Note that with a large accumulation of fluid in the cavity the stomach becomes tight, and the navel is completely smoothed out. On the other hand, if it is extremely small, a specialist may not be able to detect the symptoms of ascites described in this article.
- If the diagnosis is suspected, the doctor appointsspecial ultrasound (mandatory) and the so-called "computed tomography". It is these kinds of methods that really make it possible to find out the primary cause of the onset of the disease. In addition, often requires another analysis. This is a fence of ascitic fluid by means of a needle. Laboratory tests of this substance also allow to establish the cause of the disease and determine the presence of infectious processes in the body. This kind of research method is called "paracentesis".
Undoubtedly, to solve this problem, a doctor inthe first priority should reveal the cause, which led to the development of the disease. After that, it is eliminated. In order to normalize the work of the intestines, specialists remove ascitic fluid through a small puncture. In the presence of infectious processes, the doctor, as a rule, prescribes a course of antibiotics to prevent the further development of such an ailment as ascites. This disease, in general, is relatively quickly treated, thanks to the use of modern advances in medicine. It should be noted that the greatest effectiveness in therapy and rapid results can be achieved if the diagnosis is made at the earliest possible date.