The drug "Sumamed" (suspension): a description of the composition and properties of the drug
Infectious diseases of bacterial origin can hardly be considered rare. And, unfortunately, children often encounter such problems, which cannot yet be protected by the body. In some cases, not to do without antibiotics. And the drug Sumamed is becoming increasingly popular today. Suspension of this helps to get rid of the symptoms of the disease in a matter of days. Therefore, more and more people are interested in questions about what this tool is.
Drug "Sumamed" (suspension): composition and description
This medicine is available as a powder to prepare a suspension. This powder is granular and, as a rule, has a white or slightly yellowish color. If you smell the medicine, you can feel a pleasant strawberry flavor. Five milliliters of the finished suspension contains 100 mg of the main active ingredient of the drug, which in this case is azithromycin.This is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the macrolide group. As for auxiliary agents, sucrose, titanium dioxide, anhydrous sodium carbonate, tragacanth, sodium benzoate, glycine, colloidal silicon dioxide, and flavors (strawberries, peppermint, apple) are used in the production. Powder for the preparation of suspensions placed in a small bottle of dark glass. Included with the product are measuring spoon and a special measuring syringe.
The main properties of the drug
Of course, the properties possessed by the drug "Sumamed" (suspension) are provided by the antibacterial effect of its main active ingredient. Azithromycin affects the subcellular level - it blocks the process of protein synthesis, thereby preventing normal growth and reproduction of pathogenic bacterial organisms. The drug is rapidly absorbed by the walls of the intestinal tract, from where it enters the affected tissues along with the blood. Inside infected cells, azithromycin remains active for several days. It is worth noting that this drug effectively deals with various infections.In particular, streptococci, Staphylococcus aureus, pneumococci, as well as chlamydia, legionella, treponema and gonococci are sensitive to this antibiotic.
Indications for use
There are many diseases with which Sumamed helps to cope. Suspension is widely used to treat infectious diseases of the respiratory system, including pneumonia and bronchitis. It is also used to treat diseases of the upper respiratory tract - otitis, bacterial pharyngitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, etc. The antibiotic is effective against the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, therefore it is used in the treatment of certain diseases of the stomach and duodenum. Indications for admission are also infections of the genitourinary system, including those caused by chlamydia. Suspension helps to get rid of bacterial inflammation of soft tissues (impetigo, erysipelas, secondary pyodermatosis).
The drug "Sumamed": how to prepare a suspension?
Each package contains instructions. Proper preparation of the suspension "Sumamed" is extremely important. A bottle of powder is designed to prepare a 20 ml suspension.Included with the medicine is a special dosing syringe, with which you need to add exactly 12 ml of water to the vial. Water must be boiled, but not hot (room temperature). After adding the liquid, close the jar and shake well - the suspension should be homogeneous, without lumps. Store the finished medicine can be no more than five days at a temperature of 15-25 degrees.
How to take medicine?
Immediately it is worth noting that only a doctor can prescribe the use of the drug "Sumamed." Suspension is sold in pharmacies without a prescription, but if used improperly, it can be harmful. Of course, the specialist will select the appropriate dosage for the child. As for the recommended daily dose, it is 10 mg of the active ingredient of the medicine for each kilogram of the baby’s body weight. By the way, this amount of antibiotic is contained in a 0.5 ml suspension. You need to take the drug once a day, preferably an hour after eating. This antibiotic is rather slowly excreted from the body, therefore a threefold intake, as a rule, is sufficient for the child to fully recover.It is also worth warning that the suspension has an extremely unpleasant and bitter taste.
Contraindications and possible side effects
The drug "Sumamed" - a serious and powerful tool that has some contraindications. Of course, it is not prescribed to patients suffering from allergies to any of the components. In addition, serious diseases and disorders of the kidneys, liver and cardiovascular system are contraindications. Sometimes the medicine is used to treat women during pregnancy and lactation, but only under the supervision of a physician. In some cases, therapy is associated with disorders of the digestive system - patients complain of decreased appetite, nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, and bloating. Such strong antibiotics can lead to dysbiosis and, consequently, to the aggravation of candidiasis. Side effects can also include headaches and frequent dizziness, neurosis, insomnia, drowsiness, and increased skin sensitivity. Sometimes an antibiotic can cause an allergic reaction, which is manifested by a rash, itching, skin redness, urticaria, angioedema.