Saanen goats: photos, description and characteristics of the breed
renowned for their performance and gentle temperament. White beauties are found in many parts of the country. They are well undergoing the process of acclimatization. Even a novice farmer will be able to keep such a goat if he follows some simple rules.
Breeding of Zaanensky breed began in the area Zaanental, which is located in the lower reaches of the river Zane, which flows in Switzerland. People living there decided that instead of cows, it was better to keep high-dear goats. Caring for them was much easier, and food for the herd required less. The population made cheeses, sour cream, cottage cheese and other products from tasty milk.
By the end of the 19th century, a population of white goats was formed. They were distinguished by high milk yield and excellent taste qualities. In Russia, a new breed came back in Tsarist times. It is believed that this event occurred in 1905.
The peasants, to whom foreign goats fell, began to cross them with local breeds. Naturally, milk yield in the resulting hybrids was slightly lower than in pure-bred animals. With further crossing, the descendants of zaanenok milk gave even less. But some peasants managed to preserve the purity of the breed and increase the adaptability of animals to an alien climate.
As can be seen from the photo of zaanensky goats, the wool of these animals has a white tint. However, there are also so-called seibles. In their color may be different colors. The percentage of seyblov low. Such offspring try not to use in further breeding.
From usual goats zaanenki differ in large sizes. These are stately tall animals. They have long legs and a wedge-shaped body. Zaanensky goats have an attractive appearance, so they can decorate any compound.
The milk production of breeding animals is amazing. On farms and in private farms there are record holders who can produce from 10 to 14 liters of milk a day. On average, purebred zaanensky goats give from 3 to 6 liters of milk daily.However, its fat content is from 3.5% to 5%.
After the first lambing, not all zaanensky goats show record productivity. Most often, their milk yield arrives substantially after the second birth. It gradually rises, and then is approximately at the same level for 3-4 years.
Often in the villages of all white goats called Zaanenskimi. This is wrong, because any goat can have such a shade of wool. Pure breed has a high productivity, and the rural half-breeds generally produce 1-2 liters of milk per day. In order not to be mistaken when buying, you need to know how the animal should look like. We offer a description of the Zaanensky goat breed.
According to the standard, these animals can be either horned or horned. Despite their height, productive females have a graceful head with a narrow muzzle. In the description of the Saanen goat breed it is emphasized that the belly of the animal must be bulky and the neck is long. The backs of all individuals are straight, their legs straight.
Particular attention is paid to the udder when grading. If you look at the photo of zaanensky goats, then you can see that it is quite large.Udder elasticity should be good, the drooping form is considered undesirable.
House for zaanensky goats
These animals can hardly be called too demanding to the conditions of detention, but the barn for their stay must be good-quality. Drafts, dampness and extreme cold are unacceptable. From the description of zaanensky goats it follows that the stalls are best made spacious for them, because animals have large sizes.
You need to put a barn on a concrete foundation, this will make the structure warmer. The floor can be made of wood or earth. The height of the ceiling should be chosen according to whether a thick litter will be used in winter. Walls can be insulated with foam or mineral wool. Roof for sheds usually do dvukhskatnoy. Cover it with either metal flooring or slate.
The photos of the goats of the Zaanen breed are fascinating, but not everyone can decorate their compound with these animals. They cannot be called especially demanding, but they need to be provided with suitable living conditions. Such goats are kept in individual stalls, which creates a favorable atmosphere and has a positive effect on milk yield.In the barn both in summer and in winter it is necessary to maintain a positive temperature. But it should not be too hot, as it is impossible to prevent overheating of animals. The floor is usually covered either with straw or sawdust.
Goat zaanenskoy breed necessarily need a daily walking. However, at temperatures below -20 or strong wind they can be left at home. In the summer, goats are driven out to pastures, in the winter they are limited to walks in the yard. Especially physical activity is important during pregnancy. It helps to avoid pre-natal laying, which is very dangerous for animals.
The main feed for zaanensky goats is hay. Grain, brooms, premixes are added to it (depending on the phase of lactation). It is advisable to give vegetables to the nursery, for example, potatoes, carrots or fodder beets. Many farmers during this period add cabbage to the diet, but in small quantities.
Goats, it is desirable to add a grain of oats, barley, corn, wheat. Sometimes rye is also used, but because of the frequent infection with its spores of the fungus, veterinarians do not recommend this. Also in the diet you need to add protein sources - cake, special yeast for livestock.
Hay and water goats provide plenty, and grain and vegetables are dosed, depending on milk yield. Throughout life zaanenka must be given vitamin and mineral complexes. If you balance the diet of the animal for the farmer hard, he can buy ready-made feed, which already has everything you need.
Usually goats are covered in 10-18 months. If the animal regularly comes into the hunt, then problems with this, as a rule, do not arise. Goats with gynecological pathology sometimes need hormonal treatment.
The pregnancy of zaanenok lasts 5 months, and ends with the appearance of 1-3 babies. Sometimes kids are born more, but they are less viable.
Pregnant goat should be protected from stress and strengthen care for her. To diagnose a particular situation in an animal can be done by palpation or by ultrasound.
2 months before birth, the launching period begins, that is, the animal is no longer milked. This should be done gradually to avoid mastitis. Usually the hostess begins to confuse the time of milkings and reduce their number. In case of difficulties with the launch, all milk-containing feed is removed, the grain rate decreases.During pregnancy, the goat must be given vitamin and mineral supplements.
Usually kids are born weighing from 2.5 to 4.5 kilograms. But sometimes there are smaller or larger specimens. Weight at birth does not affect size in adulthood. It only depends on the care, proper feeding and heredity.
In the first hour after birth, it is necessary to decant the colostrum at the milked Saanena goat, dilute it with warm boiled water (1: 1) and water the babies. Usually they quickly figure out how to properly drink from a bottle with a nipple. Keeping kids with their mother lasts about 4 months.
At the age of 2 weeks, babies begin to inject complementary foods, which first consist of 10 g of salt and 1 ml of fish oil. These products are added to the milk and give the goat to drink it from the bottle. Some farmers give their kids oatmeal porridge at the age of 10 days. To do this, take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of cereals per 500 ml of water, and 500 ml of milk are added to the finished porridge. In the summer of grown-up kids can be brought to the grass with my mother.