Projective methodology "Family drawing"
One of the most popular in the arsenal of the schoolpsychologist is a projective technique "Family drawing." Its popularity is explained not only by convenience of carrying out, but also by speed. It is accessible to children, beginning with preschool age. With the help of this technique, it becomes possible to see the family through the eyes of the child, to see what kind of subjective assessment the baby gives her, what place she takes in herself. In addition, it reflects the difficulties and problems in the relationship in the family.
Procedure for conducting and briefing
To the methodology of "Family drawing" was fullya white sheet of paper is needed, a set of medium-soft colored pencils, an eraser. The child is given an instruction about the following: "(Name), draw a family." At the same time, one can not explain what is meant by this, since interference can distort the meaning of the text in the future. If the child repeatedly asks what it is to him to imagine, then you just need to instruct a second time.
What to look for when doing a test
On average, the execution of the instruction takes no more than35 minutes. At the same time, attention should be drawn to pauses, the sequence of painted details, erasing, comments of the baby, emotional reactions to the drawing. After the drawing is ready, questions are asked, like: "Who's there painted?", "Where are the characters and what are they doing?", "Who is the happiest of them?" and others.
The "Family Drawing" method in its interpretationconditionally divided into three main parts: the analysis of the structure of the family, the interpretation of graphic features and analysis of the actual process of drawing.
Family structure analysis
Extreme options are considered if only subjects that are not related to the family are drawn and if there are no people at all. In the event that the composition of the family is distorted,then this may indicate a conflict,discontent with the situation. In addition, children forget to draw those relatives who are less important to them emotionally. If there are strangers, this may be a signal that there is a psychological unmet need.
Location of family members
The "Family Drawing" technique can show whichrelationship in the family. The cohesion of the family, the occupation of all characters by the general type of activity, speaks of psychological well-being. If the figure has opposite characteristics, then this may indicate a low level of emotional attachments. If one of the members is separated, then this may indicate a negative attitude towards it, sometimes it can be an indirect sign of a threat.
Analysis of drawn shapes
The "kinetic family drawing" technique cantell and about the emotional attitude to each member. To do this, the number of parts, decorations and what colors are used for drawing the figure are evaluated. A good attitude is accompanied by the presence of a large number of details, decoration. Schematic, incompleteness may indicate a negative attitude, aggressive motivation in his address. Sometimes children themselves draw values equal to the parent. It can talk about the egocentricity of a child, about the competition for parental love. If the toddler feels the needlessness of himself, his insignificance, then this is reflected in the drawings, where he is much less than other members of the family.