Potted flowers: alokaziya. Description, photos, care recommendations
A native of the hot tropical latitudes of Southeast Asia, a representative of the aroid family, alokaziya has recently appeared in our homes and offices, but its unusual, beautifully shaped leaves are of great interest to local flower growers. Amazing decorative leaves of this exotic culture is impressive.This plant, the characteristics of growing and caring for it will be discussed in the article. Let's talk about how alokaziya develops at home, how it responds to the care shown and what actions are necessary for its qualitative growth.
Alokaziya, the photo of which is presented in the review, is an ornamental evergreen with textured large leaves located on long petioles. It is quite difficult to achieve flowering of this exotic culture at home, which is why it is considered decorative and deciduous.Nevertheless, this does not prevent it from remaining one of the most interesting indoor crops, which quickly conquered the hearts of many gardeners with beautiful leaves that have a heart-shaped or oval-swept shape with marked projections painted in different colors. Potted flowers of alokaziya, with a dense leaf structure, compactness and decorativeness of the plant as a whole, successfully fit into any interior, which is why they are so appreciated by designers. High-quality care for the culture allows you to achieve flowering.Most often this occurs in conditions close to natural ones, for example, in greenhouses. Depending on the type, the flowers of such a plant as alokaziya are different. As a rule, these are small bright flowers, gathered in a beautiful ear, covered with a leaf-spathe and surprising in smell, color or shape. After flowering, fruits are formed with seeds inside. But still the main charm of the plant - its glossy leaves.
Varieties and features of alokazii
This exotic culture has a tuberous rhizome. Different species reach different heights - from 0.4 to 2 meters. Like many tropical plants, alokaziya is poisonous, and all parts of the flower are toxic: aboveground and rhizome.This circumstance must be taken into account: when working with it, it is necessary to use gloves, wash hands and not allow curious pets to the plant, who love to try everything for a tooth. Out of more than fifty varieties of arum (another name for alokaziya) of the genus, only some types of alokazy are suitable for indoor floriculture.
Large root alokaziya, or Arum Indian, - one of the largest species found in indoor floriculture. It is a tall species up to two meters high with large ovate-heart-shaped leaves, sometimes reaching a meter long and 0.5-0.7 m wide. Large-root alokaziya blooms, forming an impressive cob of up to 0.3 m, and then bright purple fruits. The gigantic size of the plant looks more appropriate in the spacious rooms and serves as an excellent decoration of large greenhouses, winter gardens, halls, official institutions.
Alokaziya Kalidoraas a giant plant, it is suitable for growing exclusively in nurseries and winter gardens, since it reaches several meters in height and is too bulky for small rooms.
Rarely encountered odorous alokaziya (Odor) has a speaking name: its bud-shaped buds have a very pleasant smell. It differs from the previous species in significantly smaller sizes.
Types used in home cultivation
Alokaziya klobuchkovaya differs brilliant bright green leaves in the shape of a heart. Their length is 0.3 - 0.4 m. In this species, the veinlets are markedly weaker, but the adult plant is much more leafy and blooms more easily in home cultivated conditions. Peduncle can reach 0.3 m, its structure is different in that its coverlet closes the inflorescence only half. Klobuchkov alokaziya in a short time forms a set of tubers.
Copper-red look differs unusual colors of leaves and medium size. It is the most decorative and most poisonous species. The scapes of copper-red alokaziya have a bright purple hue, turning into leaves in a copper-green tone.
Black-velveteen alokaziya, most adapted to office conditions, blooms more often than other species. The black and velvet leaf of Alokazia is magnificent: deep black and burgundy in color with a velvety structure and hilly milk veins, it has a dense structure and an unusual appearance.
This species is represented by hybrids, which include Alozy Polly and Amazon, which has a very modest size. It rarely grows more than half a meter in height and forms a compact ornamental shrub. Dark green leaves are devoid of pronounced chipping, but are decorated with bright light streaks that distinguish this species. Occasionally blooming in greenhouses and nurseries, it pleases with a splendid inflorescence-cob of delicate white and pink tones. At home, this species does not bloom.
Alokaziya Polly is considered the best plant of the species in the decoration of home or official interior. The height of the culture is 0.5-0.7 m. Beautiful dark green leaves with a metallic, less often bronze, grow from a short strong rhizome and are located on fleshy petioles. Decorative plants increase the jagged edge of the sheet and its pointed tip. Polly is alokaziya, which bloom occurs more often than the other listed species.
Requirements to growing conditions: soil moisture and air
Alokaziya is moisture-loving, generous watering is vital for it. In the summer, at the peak of activity, watering is done at least three times a week.But this does not mean that the plant can be poured. A clod of earth should be kept wet, but stagnant water should be avoided because it will cause root rot and cause the plant to become sick or dead. In winter, the intensity of moisture is reduced: the soil in the container should be slightly damp. For irrigation, use soft, settled water at room temperature.
Flowers alokaziya sensitive to humidity in the room where they are. For good plant development it is necessary to maintain a high level of humidity. This is achieved by frequent spraying of the leaves and during the period of activity, and during dormancy.
To the temperature of an ordinary apartment alokaziya loyal. It develops excellently in rooms with a temperature of 21-24 ˚С, in a quiet period 18-20 ˚С is considered optimal. As a thermophilic culture, alokaziya is sensitive to a decrease in temperature, and in order not to harm it, it is not necessary to allow cooling in the room.
Alokaziya flowers are very light-requiring, but do not accept direct sunlight, which can not only discolor the leaves of the plant and deprive them of their decorativeness, but also cause irreparable damage from burns.Optimal for good growth of culture is high-quality diffused lighting.
Experienced growers recommend placing the plant containers at windows located on the east or west side. On the windowsills usually these plants are not placed, because the flower will be cramped due to the large size of the leaves.
Tuberiform rhizome of the plant develops well in loose soil, in the composition of which leaf soil, sphagnum, peat, river sand and charcoal are present in equal proportions.
Enough unpretentious culture successfully propagated vegetatively or by seed. However, sowing with seeds is the most laborious and long-term path, which is practically not used, since the vegetative method is much simpler, it gives you the opportunity to get the desired plant faster.
If the bush is small and you want to save the mother plant, the method of cutting the bud from the trunk is acceptable. In this case, a suitable kidney is neatly cut out with a small piece of pulp, all sections on the kidney and the wound formed on the original specimen are treated with pharmaceutical green paint or powdered with crushed coal.and then the separated kidney is placed in a wet coconut substrate or sand-peat mixture, covered with foil or a plastic bottle and placed in a warm place.
In the same way, the culture is propagated by cuttings, tubers, root suckers, or also by division of rhizomes. Parts of the plant must be carefully cut, sanitized and placed in a nutrient, loose soil. Do not use clay soil as a soil. Good results are also shown by the use of drainage, which absorbs excess water and regulates aeration. The best time for breeding is spring. For rooting, a small, low container is needed. As a rule, these operations are usually painless for a culture such as alokaziya.
Opinions flower growers on the care of alokazii different: some consider the plant unpretentious, others believe the opposite. But we think that this decorative culture just needs care and the creation of conditions that imitate natural ones. Therefore, following the aspects listed in the article will allow the plant to grow easily, and for the grower to enjoy the beauty of a magnificent indoor flower.
Particular attention is paid to the leaves. They should be kept clean, wiped with a damp cloth and ensure that when spraying they do not collect large drops, which subsequently leave dark spots. It is necessary to spray from a spray bottle on a small spray, creating a semblance of fog. Increase of humidity contributes to the installation of a pot with a plant in a pan filled with pebbles and water, so that the bottom of the container does not come into contact with it. Good effect on culture and the soul. Carry out this procedure, covering the soil with plastic wrap. Alocasia, care of which is not burdensome, responds to care with good growth and possible flowering.
Feedings and transplants
The active period requires periodic fertilizing. At this time, alokaziya is fed twice a month with a special complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous crops sold in the trading network. The concentration of fertilizer is controlled in accordance with the attached instructions. In winter, the plant is not fed.
When and how to replant intensively growing young flowers? Alocasia is transplanted annually in the spring, before the beginning of the active period.Do it carefully, trying not to damage the fragile roots. The easiest way to do the transshipment is by moving the plant to a larger pot along with a clod of earth and filling up the missing soil. For young specimens use a soil mixture of the above composition with a soil acidity index equal to pH 5.5-6. Well-prepared ready-made soil for ornamental plants purchased in the store. Adult specimens are transplanted no more than once every three years.
These are the features of an interesting indoor plant, which is alokaziya. Photos presented in the article illustrate the exquisite beauty of the culture, and the recommendations will help keep it high.