Monster. Home care
The rich South American flora isan inexhaustible source of planting material for the greening of all kinds of rooms. It has given planters many species, genera and whole families of plants, without which it is difficult to imagine the modern floriculture of the enclosed soil. Such plants include monsters, a representative of the extensive family of Aroids, which has been adorned with modern apartments, offices, vestibules and winter gardens for decades.
Care for the monster at home is notis of particular complexity. The plant is unpretentious, resistant to pathogens, painlessly tolerates a decrease in temperature to 15 ° C and tolerates a lack of lighting. Perhaps, this explains the love of landscapers for this tropical vine. But still, like any other culture, a monster needs attention and care. It must be remembered that in nature it lives in moist tropical forests, where the year round is warm and fresh, there is no shortage of moisture, and the soil is loose, permeable, with good aeration. If you consider all these factors, the result will be a truly luxurious monster. Care at home should be aimed at, if possible, to recreate for the plant its natural environment. Let us dwell on the most important points.
Contrary to popular belief thatThe monster is well tolerated by the shadow, she is photophilous. Of course, like most of the aroids, the direct sun does not suffer, but the light must be bright. Only in this case, you can get powerful carved leaves, for which the monster is grown. Care at home should begin with the choice of a place that meets this requirement. This is important, because when there is a lack of light, the young leaves fade, turn pale, the dissection becomes less pronounced and the decorativeness of the plant decreases drastically.
The substrate must be loose, light, welldrained, air and moisture permeable. It can be made independently by mixing leaf and coniferous earth, coarse-grained sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 1: 0.5: 1. It should be borne in mind that in the forests where the monster lives, nutrients are washed out of the soil by endless torrential rains, so do not make a too fertile substratum using a fat, organic soil. In addition, the monster needs good drainage.
It is important to consider the conditions of detention. Undoubtedly, the plant is moisture-loving, but it needs plenty of watering only when there is enough heat and light. As a rule, when growing in apartments, the monster is well watered in the spring and summer, using soft, settled water, and in the autumn, the humidification is reduced. But if the plant is refreshed in the off-season and kept in a warm room (22-25 ° C), the regime of irrigation changes insignificantly. In any case, it is important to avoid overmoistening, which provokes decay of roots and the appearance of brown-black spots on the leaves. Soil over-drying is also unacceptable.
An important role in the development of the plant playsair humidity. If it is low, it is unlikely that a beautiful and healthy monster will grow up in the apartment. Care at home requires regular sprinkling of the crown with soft water. You can also use a humidifier, place a pot on a pallet with wet claydite, wind the airy roots with wet moss and resort to other tricks that make life easier for a tropical beauty in captivity.
The plant is able to grow long enough withoutadditional food, but if during the growing season twice a month to make mineral and organic top dressing, the result will be a powerful and magnificent monster.
Care at home, in addition, be sure toshould include cleaning the leaves of dust with warm water. If this procedure is neglected, the probability of occurrence of a spider mite, scutellum and other pests is great, for which dusty foliage is especially attractive.
An adult plant requires support. You can use plastic props, wrapped in palm fiber. If you fill them with soil and make holes for the air roots, this design will look more decorative and will give additional power to the plant.
Transplant the monster only whenroots fill the entire volume of the pot. Too often, this procedure should not be carried out, since the aerial roots of monsters are very sensitive, despite their apparent power.
If you follow all the rules of agricultural technology, after the second year of life, the plant can give the first indoor flower. Monstera has edible fruits, but in a room culture they ripen extremely rarely.