Ceiling split system. Installation and maintenance of air conditioners
Development of modern designclimatic equipment allows interested customers to supply apartments with small and at the same time productive facilities. The process of air purification in split systems also excludes noise effects due to the separation of functional units. In this case, the cassette-type configuration also provides the possibility of maximum storage of free space in the room, which is not hidden by the housing of the internal module. This is a ceiling split system, fully integrated into the upper niche. To implement this type of installation requires a special device profile structure in the ceiling, but in the operational plan, this option justifies itself from different aspects.
Features of ceiling models
By and large this is a classic representativeseparate air conditioners, which has all the advantages and disadvantages of this configuration. The main feature of the design is the method of location. The fact that the air conditioning system is oriented to installation in the construction of a suspended ceiling. In the presence of this skeleton, problems with installation will not arise, since the very idea of hanging constructions provides for the possibility of integrating communication systems. However, usually it's about hiding the wiring, but if you initially calculate the possibility of installing an air conditioner, then it is possible to build such a case.
There are also differences from the work of traditionalair conditioners, which can be felt already during operation. Since the ceiling split system due to its location can easily cover the entire area of the room, the cooling efficiency also increases.
Common to all split-systems advantageis unlimited in terms of power. Again, the separation of modules into external and internal segments allows manufacturers to supply equipment with productive technical stuffing. The ceiling split system, whose power potential can reach 16 kW, is no exception. However, the average range still has power indicators in the range of 4-7 kW. These values apply to both cooling performance and heating performance.
As for the form factor, the choice here is notis so vast. The design often has a square shape, the base of which is immersed in the niche of the suspended ceiling. It should be noted that the depth of the shell is usually 25-30 cm. This figure should be taken into account in calculations of the installation parameters. Actually, the design advantages that a ceiling split system can have are expressed only in the appearance of an external panel. The rest of the design remains hidden from the eyes.
Floor and ceiling modifications
In addition to cassette modification, there are otherversions that are installed at the top of the room. For many operating parameters, these options correspond to a cassette configuration, but they are installed with less labor. In particular, floor-ceiling types of split systems are common, which are used in those cases when installation in a niche of a suspended structure is impossible. If we talk about the features of the workflow, the air conditioner directs air flows along the walls or ceiling. The user can adjust the dispersion and direction of the jet according to the needs. And now it is worth considering in detail the nuances of installing ceiling systems.
Installation of air conditioners
The whole process can be divided into three stages.First of all, an external module is mounted. This operation is performed in the same way as with conventional split systems. Further, a highway connecting the outdoor unit to the inner one is formed. Since the mounting point of the executive segment is in the ceiling zone, communication communications can also be hidden in advance in this zone. At the final stage, the installation of air conditioners inside the room. Usually a cassette internal model is installed in the framework of installation activities with a suspended structure. First, the body of the climatic system is attached, and then it is closed with profile components and finishing material.
Among the maintenance activities for this modeltype can be divided into general, which apply to all types of air conditioners, and special, due to the design of cassette systems. General procedures include the periodic replacement of the filter. For this it is not necessary to perform a complete disassembly of the structure - the cleaning unit is removed through a special panel. Also, ceiling conditioners (split systems) leave evaporation on the decorative surface during operation. This is the feature of maintenance of such units - from the user it is required 1-2 times a month to clean the panel from the traces of settling fumes.
Pros and cons of construction
The advantages of ceiling systems arethe possibility of flush mounting. As a result, the free space in the room is saved and there is minimal impact on the interior design. Moreover, the aesthetic appearance of decorative panels even decorates and stylistically diversifies the appearance of suspended structures. But there are also disadvantages, which have ceiling air conditioners. Split systems of cassette type, in particular, require special preparation for installation. This can be said about all air conditioners, but the implementation of the installation of this system is simply impossible without the presence of free under-ceiling space.
Giving preference to cassette equipment forreason of operational advantages and economy of a place in an apartment, it is necessary to consider and lacks of the divided design as that. The fact is that a split-type ceiling-type system, like all representatives of this family, is not tolerant of installation errors. For example, the execution of a trunk connection in the under-ceiling space imposes a great responsibility on the performer. On the other hand, there are also advantages. For example, the design allows the implementation of a multisystem, in which one external unit and several internal modules are provided. True, such configurations significantly complicate the wiring diagrams and increase the cost of the equipment. For this reason, multi-systems are more often used in offices, public institutions, supermarkets, etc.