How to plant a courgette zucchini?
The brother of the white-fruited zucchini - zucchini, received its touching name in the Italian Apennines, has long won the appreciation of domestic vegetable growers, professionals and recreational dacha lovers.Translation of this characteristic name from the ardentItalian means "small pumpkin", which fully corresponds to the variety of forms of the vegetable and its belonging to the family of the same name. This article will tell you about the features, varieties and agrotechnics of zucchini cultivation.
Bilock squash and zucchini: difference
Let's not minimize the merits of conventionalzucchini, but we emphasize that the popularity of the "Italian" is growing year by year. We'll figure out how the zucchini differs from zucchini. This culture has more decorative, its whips are more compact, and carved, pubescent leaves with a bright zonal coloration impress with its magnitude and brightness. But appreciate the zucchini for a rich, delicate and pleasant taste. These qualities make it possible to eat it raw with pleasure, using it in salads and light snacks. This vegetable is ahead of its counterparts and in the duration of the harvest: its shelf life is high enough, in a cool cellar zucchini zucchini will last until the middle of spring, without losing its fresh freshness and taste. Another very significant advantage that distinguishes this vegetable is productivity.In zucchini, in comparison with the usual zucchini, more female flowers and, accordingly, ovaries are formed.
Advantages of zucchini
This healthy vegetable is tasty in any form. Zucchini, as, indeed, and white-bodied varieties, rich in vitamins. According to the content of carotene, they are not inferior to carrots. In addition, their flesh contains ascorbic acid and biologically active pigments, and seeds - oils, proteins and vitamins B, E. Like many pumpkin, zucchini improves metabolism and digestion, normalizes liver function and is very useful for people who are overweight.
Courgette zucchini: description
The color of the fruits of this vegetable varies from deepDark green to a spectacular rich-golden hue. Depending on the variety, the zucchini are colored exactly or colored with muted or bright stripes. Different and their shape: classic oblong or unusual round. The sizes of fruits can also vary, ranging from 10-15 cm to half a meter and more in length.
Zucchini zucchini, like a true southerner, loves brightly lit areas, but also takes places with short-term shading.The plant grows well on loose fertilesandy loam with neutral reaction. Preparation of the soil for planting is carried out in the autumn, digging the bed, adding humus (10 kg), superphosphate (50 g) and wood ash (200-250 g) per 1 m2.
The best predecessors who previously occupiedsite, are legumes, nightshade or cabbage crops, but after the fellow-pumpkin planted zucchini is not recommended in order to avoid the development of diseases that are traditional for this family. If there is a shortage of space, when planting zucchini after a representative of the genus in spring, the soil is abundantly spilled with a solution of manganese.
As a southerner, zucchini is more demandingheat. And this should be taken into account, as it is noticed that ordinary zucchini in temperate latitudes rise faster than their striped brothers. Gardeners recommend planting a crop on so-called high beds or compost piles, topped with a layer of soil and providing an even warm-up. Depending on the weather conditions of the region, the variety is chosen so that very vulnerable shoots do not damage the recurrent spring frosts.
Plant zucchini squash can be directly into the soil with seeds or seedlings.They resort to this method only in zonesrisky farming, or in cases where the grower wants to harvest as early as possible. Before planting, the zucchini zucchini seeds are treated by soaking in warm water or a weak solution of the biostimulator for 2 days in order to weaken the resistance of the dense peel and help to break through the sprouts. Planted in 2-3 days of May, the seeds germinate after 5-7 days.
Seeds are planted in seedlings in early May. As zucchini seedlings are extremely fragile, they are planted immediately in separate cups: this will protect plants from damage when transplanting into open ground. The age of the seedlings, ready for planting on the bed, should be 25-30 days. Seedlings planted in late May - early June.
The technology of landing is simple: on a prepared and well-leveled site dig holes, fill them with a fertile mixture of soil, humus and ash. For seedlings grown through seedlings, the holes are made a little more, for the seeds - very small. The roots of young plants should not touch ash - it is too aggressive and can damage delicate tissues, so the nutrient soil must be thoroughly mixed.Planted crops are generously watered, compactedsoil and mulch garden beds with humus or wood chips. Experienced vegetable growers when planting seeds often in a hole lay 2-3 seeds, being insured against a possible failure. Subsequently, excess sprouting seedlings are removed. Since courgettes zucchini require sufficient space for productive growth, the intervals between the holes should be at least 0.5-0.6 m.
Care for zucchini
Courting activities for culture arein the loosening of the soil, weeding weed grass, timely watering and removal of the yellowing leaves of the lower tier. Especially strongly the plant needs high-quality moistening during flowering and fruit setting. When watering, water should not be spilled on leaves and ovaries. Necessary and fertilizing, which are carried out twice a season. For the first time the plant is fed 7-12 days after planting with a solution of the manure, the second time fertilizers will be required during the formation of the fruit. During this period, solutions of potassium-phosphorus preparations are used, the concentration of which should be as recommended in the annotation.
Remove fruits 1-2 times a week, cutting with a knifetogether with the peduncle. Zucchini zucchini, filmed in the stage of milk maturity (weighing up to half a kilo), eaten fresh, in salads and snacks.For storage, cooking orTraditional zucchini in the Russian kitchen is harvested for the winter in the technical maturity phase, that is, when the fruit has matured, but the seeds have not yet ripened. During storage, these zucchini ripen.
In order to obtain seeds, completely removedripe zucchini, when the whip plants turn yellow, and the stem begins to dry up. They are stored in the light in room conditions until February-March. Seeds are chosen as the yellowing of the fruit. One medium zucchini contains 140-170 seeds.
Varieties and hybrids
There are many varieties of zucchini, and thanks topermanent selection work, state variety tests are conducted every year, replenishing the remarkable family with new varieties of "Italians". Next, we present to your attention an incomplete list of the most popular varieties among truck farmers.
• Zucchis zucchini courgettes forma compact medium-sized bush with weak branching. Early maturing, yield a good yield of cylindrical green in a shallow light speck over the cover color of the fruit (up to 0.7 kg), smooth or with a slightly noticeable ribbing. The flesh is white, crunchy.
• Pleases with high yields and early maturingAn aeronaut, forming an almost unbranched main stem, covered with beautiful undisturbed leaves. Fruits smooth, large, painted in deep dark green tones, reach 1.5 kg. Flesh yellowish, dense. The cultivar is yielding, but the fruits of the Aeronaut variety are zucchini (zucchini), the cultivation of which is productive only on fertile soils.
• Ambassador is an early-ripening variety, whose bushes are characterized by medium spreading. The fruits are large, dark green, reaching a weight of 3 kg.
• A variety characterized by high productivity -Zebra. When planting nearby white-fruited zucchini, Zebra is able to tie fruits without pollination by insects. A decorative feeble bush with dissected leaves gives high yields of cylindrical fruits with a slight uniform thickening at the end. Zucchini smooth or slightly ribbed, with bright green longitudinal stripes.
• Takeoff is an early ripening, high-yielding hybrid witha short main shoot, forming a middle branching bush and giving oval, at the stalk a slightly ribbed fruit of medium size. It is remarkable color of zucchini of this sort - cream-green with an abstract pattern from the blurry interrupted dark-green stripes. Such are the characteristics of the Souvenir hybrid.
• Diamond - a grade of medium ripeness with a high sprawling bush and elongated greyish-green fruit weighing up to 0.8 kg.
• Di Piacenza is a medium-ripened zucchini with an extended fruiting period. Dark green round fruits have excellent taste properties.
Within one publication it is impossible to listAll sorts of such a wonderful representative of pumpkin, like zucchini squash. The photos presented in the article demonstrate the beauty of this culture. Settled in the patch of your site "Italians", no doubt, will decorate the garden space and will bring tangible benefits.