How to glue tiles on the ceiling. Laying tiles on the ceiling
on the ceiling today is considered one of the most affordable ways to finish this surface. In this case, as practice shows, the higher the quality of installation, the more attractive the result, often regardless of the properties of the material itself. Tiles on the ceiling in the bathroom or in the kitchen will provide not only an attractive appearance of the surface. The material is moisture resistant and durable. Next, we consider in more detail how to glue tiles on the ceiling.
Some advice on choosing
Since many people decide to glue tiles on the ceiling independently, it is necessary to dwell on some points that will later greatly facilitate installation. Choosing material in the store, you must carefully inspect the geometry of all elements. For example, in square products all sides should be the same, and the angle should be straight. Even minor deviations in geometry will lead to uneven joints.It is strictly forbidden to crush or stretch a tile during installation even by a few millimeters. It is also important to assess the quality of the material. The tile should not crumble along the edges, and the grain should be the same size. Material with a fine-grained structure is considered the highest quality. In addition, under its own weight, the tile should not break. To check this, you should take it at one angle and hold it in a horizontal position. Pay attention to the appearance of the surface. Drawing on the front side should be smooth, inaccuracies and minor flaws.
There are several types of material on the construction market, depending on the manufacturing technology. Tile happens:
- Pressed. It is made of polystyrene blocks by stamping. The thickness of the material is usually 6-8 mm.
- Extruded. It is produced by pressing. Polystyrene strips are used as raw materials. Extruded tile has a smooth shiny surface. The material can be structured in marble, wood and so on.
- Injection. For production, the source material is sintered using a special technology.As a result, the tile turns out the correct form and with a deep pattern. Material thickness - from 9 to 14 mm.
Before you glue the tiles on the ceiling, you should prepare the base. Minor defects and cracks on the surface will hide the material itself. But if the irregularities are too obvious, then they will have to plaster. If there was any covering on the ceiling, it should be removed. Also, the surface should be checked for the presence of protruding elements, for example, nails. They must also be removed. Nails can be pulled out or hammered deeper, self-tapping screws can be unscrewed or twisted. To level the base, it is recommended to use drywall sheets or plaster mixes. At the end of the preparatory work, before gluing the tile to the ceiling, it is necessary to coat the surface with a primer. This is especially true of the whitewashed base.
How to fix the material
To glue the tile to the ceiling, you can use liquid nails. However, in order to save money, many owners use a colorless fixative compound on a rubber (liquid) basis. It will need less. But before you glue the tiles on the ceiling, the composition will need to be a little dry. So more reliable fixing will be provided.As an adhesive, you can also use compounds such as “Titan, Econaset, Moment.” Any of these materials quickly sets and dries, regardless of the quality of the surface.
Tiles should be enough for the entire ceiling. First you need to calculate the surface area by multiplying its length by the width. The size of a standard tile is 50х50 cm. The resulting area of a room is divided by the area of one element. The result will be the required amount. Consideration should be given to the likely unevenness of the room, as well as the need for the installation process to adjust the material to size. Therefore, the tile must be taken with a margin.
Before pokleit tiles on the ceiling, it is necessary to determine its center. It begins with the installation. To determine the center, threads are drawn diagonally from opposite corners. The point of intersection will be the middle of the surface. Many are starting to stick from one of the walls. This option is also acceptable. The only thing that should be noted here is that it is better to start the installation from the wall opposite the window. In this case, the tile trimmed above it will not be so conspicuous.If a chandelier hangs in the center, then at the time of installation it is better to remove it. At the point where the wires and hooks exit, cut the corresponding holes in the tile. The chandelier is fixed back after drying and reliable fixation of the material. To create a perfectly flat surface, before you glue the tile to the ceiling, its ebb need to be carefully cut. In this case, the coating will be seamless.
How to glue tiles on the ceiling
The fixing composition is applied dotted to the center and at the corners of the elements. After that, the tile is applied to the ceiling and gently pressed for a few seconds. When mounting adjacent elements, it is necessary to ensure that the symmetry of the pattern is observed. Deviations in this case are unacceptable, since the integrity of the surface will be broken. Depending on the type of material and the intended design of the ceiling, tile laying can be carried out in different ways. For example, if items of two colors were purchased, installation can be carried out in the following ways:
- Alternating or intersecting lines.
- In staggered order.
Ceramic tiles on the ceiling
Many, imagining such a decision, are genuinely surprised.However, this installation is not supernatural. Similarly, the technology described above, before laying the tile on the ceiling, you need to prepare the base. If it was whitewashed, then it should be cleaned. Flush, as practice shows, will be quite problematic. To eliminate whitewash, it is sufficient to moisten the surface with a brush moistened with water and then to clean the base with a spatula You should first cover the floor with a film and cover all items in the room.
It is necessary to choose the lowest angle in the room. It is marked. Next, you need to draw a line around the perimeter. This work should be done very carefully. The perimeter should be smooth, otherwise the elements will shift. For accuracy, it is recommended to use not the usual, but the water level.
Before installation, you need to lay tiles in the room to allow it to get used to the temperature and humidity. Withstand the material for at least a day. Facing should start from the center of the ceiling. Before drawing the surface is grounded on two layers.This coating will ensure maximum adhesion of the adhesive composition. Further, it is recommended to re-measure the elements. If their size is not the same, then it is necessary to sort the tiles into medium, small and large. The first elements are usually the most. With them, and should begin.
Facing can be done in two ways: apply the solution directly on the tile or on the ceiling. The latter option is preferable for beginners. First you need to take the element and attach it "on dry" to the surface. It should not create any interference - the tile should not be swaying, and lie flat. Next on the reverse side of the element is applied with a spatula solution. The layer should be approximately 0.5 cm. With a notched trowel, "combing" the surface, remove the excess solution. Further along the line of installation a rake is applied. The tile is fixed to it and fixed. The excess solution protruding beyond the edges is removed with a rubber trowel. Before laying the next element, insert a cross for the tile in the seam. This ensures an ideal mounting angle. When laying the last rows, as a rule, the elements need to be trimmed.Adjustment to the required size is carried out by a tile cutter. In its absence, you can use the grinder.
After installation, the surface should immediately be wiped with a damp cloth. If you do this after solidifying the solution, it will be difficult to remove dirt. Next, you need to let the surface dry. After this, the seams between the elements should be sealed. This can be done with the help of the solution on which the tile was laid. You can also purchase special grout for joints.