How to determine the style of the text?

Alexey Ganzenko
Alexey Ganzenko
April 8, 2013
How to determine the style of the text?

Different speech situations require the use of different styles. They are usually divided into two groups: books and conversational. Book styles are divided into scientific, official business, journalistic and artistic. How to determine the style of the text? Each functional style of speech has certain qualities.

Conversational style

Without this style can not do in everyday communication. This style is characterized by colorful, great semantic content, expressiveness. The conversational style includes speech genres such as private letters, conversation, and conversation. Language means of style: expressiveness of vocabulary, emotionality, simplicity, the use of short, often incomplete phrases and expressions, words of references, interjections, introductory words.

Official business style

Determining the style of the text of a protocol, certificate, order or law does not cause any particular difficulty - this is an official business style. The scope of its application is law, the authors are lawyers, diplomats, lawyers, and ordinary citizens who compose an official document.The main features of the style include: speech clichés, lack of emotionality, standardization, accuracy, the use of abbreviations.

Scientific style

How to prove - the style of the text is scientific? Very simply - such a text will be replete with information, facts and evidence of their authenticity. Genres of scientific style: dissertation, report, educational literature. Language means is the presence of abstract vocabulary, professionalisms, general scientific words. The main features: objectivity, generalization, consistency, the predominance of nouns. Fragment of the text performed by the characteristic scientific style: "Starting from the results of the experiment, we can conclude that the object has a homogeneous soft structure ...".

Art style

What style is the text used in fiction? To artistic! The purpose of this style - the impact on the reader, the transfer of thoughts, experiences and feelings of the author. Stylistic features are figurative, emotional speech, the use of all its riches, vocabulary from different styles. Here is a short example of an artistic style.You can compare it with the scientific: “At night, Andreevich tossed and turned, waking up every now and then from the glitter of lightning and thunder peals. I wanted to bury myself under a blanket. ”

Journalistic style

This style is relevant for the media. We meet him in essays, interviews, reports (various media). The information transmitted through the publicistic style is intended for a wide public strata.

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