Help please describe, Germany Germany on the plan

Help please describe, Germany Germany on the plan

  1. Germany (German Deutschland), the official name of the Federal Republic of Germany (German Bundesrepublik Deutschland), Germany (BRD) state in Western Europe. Area 357 021 km. The population of the census 2011 year more than 80 million people ..
    It occupies 16 place in the world in terms of population (1 in Europe, without RF) and 62 in the territory.
    The capital is Berlin. The official language is German. About 64% of the population professes Christianity.
    According to the state structure, it is a federal state in the structure of 16 administrative-territorial units of the federal states. Form of government is a parliamentary republic. The post of the Federal Chancellor of Germany from 2005 is occupied by Angela Merkel (CDU).
    Geographical position of Germany
    Germany belongs to the states of Central Europe. Its neighbors in the north are Denmark, in the east - Poland and the Czech Republic, in the south - Austria and Switzerland, in the west - France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. The area of ​​the country is 357 thousand square meters. km. Germany has access to the North and Baltic Seas.
    The main elements of the surface are the North German Lowland in the north, the mid-altitude mountains in the central part and the Alps in the south. The North German lowland descends to the Baltic Sea with wide beaches in the east, and in the west it breaks down with the walls of deep fjords. The mountains of central Germany were once part of a mountain chain that crossed Europe from west to east. Over time, they gradually disintegrated, and now their height does not exceed 1000 m, although individual peaks reach 1400 m. As a rule, the mountains have aligned surfaces, descending to the valleys. The Alps have a completely different appearance. This is a highland area. It is here that the highest point of the country - Mount Zugspitze (2962 m) is located.
    The main river of Germany is the Rhine, originating in the Alps. It is quite full and used for navigation. Of the other major rivers, one can name the Danube in the south and the Oder in the east.
    Germany is rich in lakes. Chiemsee, Rissersee, Geroldsee, Staffelsee, Kenigsee - they can be enumerated endlessly. But the largest and most popular lake in the country is the Bodensee, partly lying in Austria and Switzerland. Crystal clear water and mild climate attract many tourists here.
    The largest industrial complex in Germany is concentrated in the Ruhrgebiet district of the state of North Rhine Westphalia. The territory of the Ruhr coincides with the basins of the right-bank tributaries of the Rhine - Ruhr, Emsher and Lippe. This is the coal and metallurgical base of Germany. In Ruhr, the main branches of heavy industry are concentrated: coal, ferrous metallurgy, heavy engineering, chemical. The cities of Ruhr - Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, Bochum, Gelsenkirchen merged into a single conglomerate of cities or, more simply, into a continuous giant city, occupying an area of ​​4435 km and a population of about 5,3 million people.
    Also, major industrial cities are adjacent to it Dusseldorf and Wuppertal.
    Among other large industrial centers I will single out: Hanover, Munich, Frankfurt am Main and Stuttgart.
    In the eastern part of Germany it is: Berlin, Leipzig, Dresden, Halle and Chemnitz.
    Germany plans to increase imports of oil and gas, primarily from Russia, which will provide Russia the opportunity to continue buying German goods.
    Hamburg is Germany's largest seaport.

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