Cape Verde Islands: photo, description, history and tourism
Islands of the Cape Verde (or the state underthe name of Cape Verde) are located slightly west of Africa, in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. This is an amazing combination of wild, almost untouched nature with a modern service that gives the person everything you need.
Each island of Cape Verde on the mapis located along the strip of tropical climate. Since there are land areas in the immediate vicinity of the African continent, but in the Northern Hemisphere, dry winds and monsoons often occur here. From the eternal drought, which is observed in the Sahara, it saves unless the ocean, which slightly fills the air with moisture. The archipelago itself consists of ten large islands and five (other sources say that eight) are smaller. All of them are divided into two groups: Barlawent (Windward) and Sotaventa (Leeward). The first include the islands of San Vicente, Santo Antan, Santa Luzia, San Nicolau, Boavista and Sal. The second include Fogu, Mayu, Brava, Santiago, as well as small islets: Razo, Branco, Grandi, Santa Maria, Luis Carneiro, Sima, Salada and Du Rei. The last of these is the main port of Cape Verde.
As mentioned above, the Cape Verde Islandslie in the tropical natural zone. It is dominated by a dry climate, which is supported by monsoons that are always blowing from Africa. The islands are always windy, because this kind of sport, like windsurfing, is very well developed here. The water temperature in the ocean in summer is 26 degrees, and in winter it drops to 22. Thus, you can relax at this resort at any time of the year. It is also worth noting that since August here begins the rainy season, which lasts until October. True, the amount of precipitation is minimal, and most often showers run in the mountains.
If we consider each separatelythe island of Cape Verde on a map of tectonic plates, we will find that this archipelago is not of continental origin, as one might suppose (because of its proximity to Africa), but volcanic. This zone is seismically stable, the active volcano is located only on the island of Fugu. The danger lies in the very opposite direction. The islands of Boavista and Sal are eroded due to strong oceanic waves and permanent monsoons, which bring with them not only heat, but sand. Nevertheless, their submarine structure still retains its original appearance.
A small historical essay
Historians discovered the first mention of the IslandsCape Verde in the onboard diaries of the Arab seafarer Idrisi, who lived in the 12th century. The official date of the discovery of these lands is 1460, when the Portuguese landed on the shores of the island of Sal. They declared these lands their colony and new possessions and founded the first settlements there. For centuries, until the 20th century, new and new people came here from all over Europe and even from Russia. After them, immigrants from Africa followed. In 1956, the African Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde was founded here. In 1974, this island state achieved for itself complete independence from Portugal, and in our days it exists autonomously.
The Cape Verde Islands were uninhabitedTerritory until they were discovered by the inhabitants of Portugal. Since then, the flow of immigrants has been immense, with people coming not only from Europe, but also from Africa. Thus, here formed its racial type, which is collectively called "Creoles." They account for 70% of the total population of the country. 28% - Africans, but white people here there are only 1%. Half of the population lives in cities. The largest ports of the country are Mindelo and San Filipe. The capital is the city of Praia. 44% of Cape Verdeans are below the poverty line.
Where is the island of Cape Verde, which is definitely worth a visit? It is difficult to single out a particular region, because each unit of the archipelago can attract your attention with something special.
- Sal is the most popular island. There are always a lot of tourists, excellent transport interchange and beautiful beaches, suitable for rest and surfing.
- Santo Antau is an endless natural beauty. You can see the high mountains for days and enjoy their greatness.
- On the island of Fogu there is an active volcano, to the vents of which you can go with an excursion group.
- On the banks of the Brava cultivate incredible beauty of flower beds and bushes.
A unique natural creation and at the same timean excellent place for summer holidays - Cape Verde Islands. Photo of this geographical object is in the article, and looking at them, one can roughly understand how beautiful and good it is there. These are not typical resort islands with azure calm sea, turning into pink sand.