Bullseye: causes and prevention
Tenidiosis is combined into a large group of very common and clinically diverse human helminth infections.Bullseye - affects cattle (cattle) and people. The specified parasitic disease is common in Latin America, Africa, some countries of Eastern Europe. Infection with tapeworm occurs when eating raw or insufficiently boiled (roasted) cattle meat (basturma, sliced meat, steak, kebab, etc.).
Bullish Man's Tensle: Clinic and Characteristics of the Pathogen
Patients have: weakness, vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pains of various nature, dizziness, confusion, irritability, insomnia, and often weight loss. Children have a delay in development. Mature stage cysticercus reaches more than 10 meters in length and 12-14 mm in width.The life span of this parasite is about 18 years. From the intestine of a sick person, a bovine celum secrete mature segments to the external environment: passively with excrement or actively (crawling out of the rectum).Intermediate hosts (reindeer, cattle, buffalo, zebu) become infected when they swallow onkiospheres of the teniarinhus. In the intestines of animals, the embryo released from the nucleus is introduced into the blood system and infects the entire body. The greatest number of them enters the muscle and connective tissue. The bovine tapeworm, settling in the human digestive tract, under the influence of bile and gastric juice, turns the scolex upside down, and with the help of suction cups it is attached to the upper wall of the small intestine. Further, the helminth grows quite intensively. It takes about three months from the moment cysticceros get into the body to form a mature cestode. As a result of long-term scientific research, the scientists came to the conclusion that the proglottids are separated by about eight segments per day, which means that a person with a bull chain will allocate about 2.5 thousand proglottids per year.
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
Pathology is diagnosed based on anamnestic data (presence of segments in the feces) in the process of laboratory studies or perianal scraping. Patients are hospitalized, they are prescribed fenasal, essential oils from the roots of the male fern, seeds or pumpkin oil.Measures to prevent bovine tapeworm include systemic diagnosis, followed by deworming. After treatment - follow-up for 5-6 months, with periodic laboratory tests of feces on the oncospheres of ill people. Persons who are constantly in contact with cattle: milkmaids, herders, calf houses, as well as people living in livestock areas and food industry workers, undergo a regular medical commission. Constant monitoring of the soil and water bodies is carried out for contamination by human feces. In accordance with the norms of veterinary sanitary examination, all cattle carcasses are examined for the presence of cysticerci. Sanitary-educational work should be carried out constantly among different strata of the population (lectures, conversations).