Betty Bup - the character of the drawn cartoons: history and interesting facts
The image of this retro girl, coquettish andsimultaneously shyly demonstrating their charms, you can often see on different T-shirts, handbags and other accessories. Her image is used in advertising much more often than Marilyn Monroe and Audrey Hepburn. It's about the star of black and white cartoon films of the 30's - the inimitable Betty Boop (Betty Boop).
Who is Betty?
Huge sad eyes, tiny lips,astonished raised eyebrows and luxurious long legs, which she constantly emphasized, dressing short skirts - that's how one of the most popular cartoon characters looked like at the dawn of this industry. The success of Betty Bup was incredible: the audience loved her no less than the live actors.
Today, many believe that Betty likedviewers only because of their magnificent forms and frank outfits. However, the contemporaries of this heroine adored her not only for this. An unusual manner of singing and an unusual child's voice helped her conquer the hearts of all. Subsequently, this image and many branded "chips" were copied by Marilyn Monroe and other kinodivami.
Prehistory of character appearance
Many will be surprised by the fact that initiallycartoons were created for an adult audience. Only with the light hand of Walt Disney, they turned into a children's entertainment. Betty Boop is a cartoon character, owed his appearance to Max Fleischer. At first he specialized in drawing comics. However, later, together with his brothers, he opened his own animation studio, which produces animated films for adults.
It is to the Fleischers that mankind is obliged to appearmany popular cartoon techniques, as well as the invention of karaoke. The leadership of the company "Paramount" quickly appreciated the cartoons Talkartoons, issued by the brothers, and signed a contract with them. Soon the paintings of the Fleischers began to appear constantly in theaters, where they enjoyed the love of the audience. Initially, their main character was the dog Bimbo, but soon everything changed.
Anonymous singer from the cartoons Talkartoons
In 1930 in one of the series Bimbo was a waiter and tried to take care of the pretty singer who works in the same restaurant. The beloved of the protagonist really liked everyone and soon began to appear in all the cartoons, gradually pushing Bimbo.
By the way! At first, the long-legged prelate was ... dog, only humanized, but over time, she began to portray a girl. Appearance of the heroine reflected fashion in the female beauty of the 30's, but the style of singing was borrowed from the singer Helen Kane, popular in bohemian circles. One of the songs (That's My Weakness Now) in her performance contained the phrase: "Boop, boop, a doop", which became the crown for Betty, and also served her as a surname.
In 1931 the heroine finally turned into a man, and her dog's ears were transformed into rings-earrings, which became an integral attribute of the character. In the Silly Scandals series, Bimbo's girlfriend finally got a name - Betty Bup. And from next year she became the heroine of a separate cycle of animated films Betty Boop. In general, there were 90 issues of this cartoon.
Betty Boop: sex symbol of the 30's
At first, Betty spoke and sang the voice of Annabelle Little. Later, she was voiced by several actresses, until Mae Cuestal appeared.
Thanks to her, the heroine found a pleasant timbre andbewitching manner of singing, than conquered the hearts of Americans. In addition, Betty Boop's cartoons were different from other great music by the best jazz musicians of the time. Thanks to this, the heroine gradually turned into a "hot" jazz player, who was imitated by millions of spectators all over the country and abroad.
Beginning in 1932 Fleechers deliberately focused on the charms of the main character. Despite the image of the sex symbol of the era, the owners of the studio watched to avoid crossing the line, and therefore, being an incredibly seductive beauty, remained a worthy girl Betty Bup.
The cartoon has gained such popularity that at itsthe basis began to produce comics. In addition, the image of Betty was actively used in advertising: dolls, clothes, perfumes and all kinds of accessories associated with her were produced.
Even the beginning of the Great Depression did not sway the popularity of the heroine: despite the hard life, viewers continued to go to the cinema to look at their favorite.
During this same period, popularity began to declinesinger Helen Kane - one of the prototypes of Betty Bup. Therefore, she sued the brothers Fleischer, demanding to pay her a huge compensation for those times - a quarter of a million dollars. In her statement Helen blamed Betty's creators for copying her image, as well as singing style while creating her character, which brought Kane himself huge losses.During the process, the Fleechers not only defeatedall the arguments of the singer, but also made public the information that Kane herself had previously "borrowed" her crown song and manner of performance from the dark-skinned singer of the 1920s Esther Jones.
In 1935 In Hollywood, the notorious Hayes Code began to act, which acted as a rigid censorship. Because of it, the creators of Betty Bup had to change the appearance of the heroine. Her bandage on her leg disappeared, the dresses became longer, and the cutouts were less open. Also the character of the girl was transformed. From a jazz singer and actress, looking for love and adventure, Betty turned into a housewife. In addition, the style of the cartoon has changed: instead of clockwork jazz rhythms, the sugary melodies "a la Disney" sounded in it, and surrealism, inspired by the works of Salvador Dali, also disappeared.
As a result of all these transformations, the popularity of Betty Boop began to fall. The project and new characters were not saved - in 1939 it was closed.
Betty in the years to come
Despite the closure of Betty Boop, its imagecontinued to influence the culture of the United States. In the 40's and 50's. became known for the style of pin-up, in many respects copying the most famous poses of Betty. Also in subsequent years, the advertisement often used the image of Betty Bup.
In the late 80's, this character again interested the audience, already as a retro. Literally, everything began to adorn the pictures with the heroine.On the wave of this, several color cartoons about Miss Bup were filmed, but they were inferior to the black and white original.
In 2004, a rather frank serial "Multraliti" appeared on the screens. One of his main characters, named Tootsie, was copied from Betty Bup.
- Betty's age is always 16 years old.
- At first it was believed that by origin thisthe heroine is Jewish. However, with the spread of fascist ideas, the biography of Bup was corrected. Since 1936, Betty became a native American, whose ancestors conquered the Wild West.
- Of all the cartoons Betty Boop 30-ies. there was only one color, and in it the heroine was red.
- One of Marilyn Monroe's key songs - I Wanna Be Loved by You - was first performed by Helen Kane. In the 1985 cartoon, Betty sings it while performing in a restaurant.
"Betty Boop": a cartoon in Russian
At the peak of the popularity of Betty Boop in the USSR about herdid not know anything. Only in the 80's and 90's domestic audiences were given the opportunity to meet this heroine. First of all, thanks to candy wrappers in Japanese and American chewing gum. Later, visitors to the video salons could see the cartoon "Betty Bup" in Russian. Reviews about this show were the most enthusiastic, despite the disgusting translation, because the tapes were pirated. This was mainly due to the fact that the early domestic viewer was not familiar with such a spectacle.
At the moment there is a professionaltranslation of individual cartoon series into Russian, however it is rather superficial. Therefore, most Russian-speaking viewers look Betty Boop in the original, the good of the text there is not so much.
Today, Betty Bup symbolizes the nostalgia forthe distant past. Unfortunately, many cartoons with her participation have not yet been digitized, and the studio "Paramund" does not plan to do this. It remains to be hoped that they will change their policies and will make every effort to preserve these works of art for descendants, before it is too late.