Basic rules for transporting children in buses
On January 1, 2014, the rules of organizedThe transportation of children by buses was changed by order of the Government of the Russian Federation. To date, the new rules have become more stringent with respect to companies (charterers) who have concluded a contract for the transportation and protection of children en route.
Basic rules for transportation of groups of children by buses
To begin with, it should be noted that thename (term) of traffic. To date, the organized transportation of a group of children by buses implies transportation of at least 8 people (children) in a vehicle that is not a fixed-route taxi.
If we consider the rule in more detail and compare it withrules of 2013, it can be seen that earlier, according to the rules, a group of children started with 2 people, and children could be transported on any mechanical vehicle. Now the driver has the right to transport a group of children only in buses with the category D and DE.
Rules for arranging vehiclesa
The rules for transporting children on buses presuppose the installation on the car body or on the rear and frontal glasses of the identification mark "Caution! Children".
If earlier it was forbidden to transport children in a vehicle, if the child is riding standing, now this ban was lifted.
When to the destination there are severalbuses with children, it is mandatory that the traffic police allocate a car for escort to the destination. This rule is valid only if there are 3 or more buses in the convoy.
It is forbidden to transport children under 7 in a bus that will be on the road for more than 4 hours.
Organization of support
Since January 1, the developed rules for the transportation of childrenbuses impose restrictions on drivers. Now, only the person who has not been punished by administrative arrest and deprivation of rights during the last year can control such a vehicle. The most important thing is that the driving experience should be at least a year in categories D and DE.
Organized transportation of children by buses shouldonly in the daytime. After dark and night comes, children are not allowed to be transported. The driver has the right to drive a maximum of 50 km to some parking, if something unforeseen happens on the road.
In the dark, according to the law of children,transport to the railway, bus stations and airport. It is very important for the driver not to deviate from the schedule, so that at the age of 23 the children are at their place of lodging or at the final destination. Departure from the schedule is allowed only in emergency cases.
A measured trip, or how to organize a holiday
During sightseeing trips durationmore than 12 hours on the bus must be two drivers who change each other. In total, a long trip should not exceed 16 hours a day. Every 8 hours the column should stop, and the driver should fully rest in the hotel or in another place.
Rules for the carriage of children in busesprovide for the escort of an official and a medical officer in the event that the time of long-distance relocation exceeds 3 hours. The medical worker rides in the last bus of the column.
A very important rule is the availability ofaccompanying. Each bus should have as many accompanying adults as there are doors in the bus. Everyone is watching the exit from the bus. At the same time, a manager is appointed who oversees the actions of the driver and the escort team, as well as the one who monitors the behavior of the children (supervisor).
How to organize a meal
The basic rules for transporting children in busesincludes rules for catering for children. If the planned route lasts more than 3 hours, it is necessary to provide for the presence of dry rations and water in plastic bottles. All products must be approved by Rospotrebnadzor, as evidenced by a certain document (permission), not only for the transportation of rations, but also proving the quality and safety of the products.
Recently, great importance of the authoritiesbegan to give preparation to transportation of small children and teenagers. One of the requirements for the head of transportation is a preliminary inspection of the roads by a specially appointed commission, which after leaving the place and studying the route will have to draw up an inspection report. Usually it happens before the mass departure of children in the sanatorium and camp.
Not later than 3 days before transportation, this actis submitted for consideration to the bodies of the State traffic inspectorate. It should reflect the exact date, time of dispatch and route of the bus. Also, possible stop and rest places and traffic patterns, on which the dangerous places of the route are designated, should be indicated. The certificate notes medical posts, hospitals, DPS posts and so on.
The main organizer of the event isprovide a route schedule and calculate the time of transportation from one intermediate stop to another. It is also important to indicate an approximate time for rest and meals for children during the trip.
Organized transportation of a group of children by buses
You can transport children only in cars,who passed the technical inspection. Buses for children should be equipped with modern technical elements. The maximum operating time is 10 years, after which the vehicle can not be used for the purpose of child organized transportation (GOST "Buses for the transport of children").
First of all, the driver must have a license for transportation of passengers, and transport - a special license card.
Modern tracking systems
Buses carrying children's transportation must necessarily be equipped with satellite communication and tachograph.
In modern models there is a signal button, which can be used in case of an urgent emergency stop. As a rule, it is installed under the bottom edge of the window on the side.
What should be in the cabin of the bus
In addition to this, in each transportThe means should be several working fire extinguishers with a volume of at least 2 liters, 2-3 first aid kits (best car, which have everything you need in case of an accident before the arrival of an ambulance), 2 wheel chocks and an emergency stop sign.
If the bus travels in a column, then on the windshield in front of the right in the course of the movement an informational tablet is attached, indicating the place of this bus in the column.
The driver is responsible for the state of transport. Before each departure, he is obliged to fully check the vehicle in order to avoid a possible accident or malfunction of the machine. If the trip is one-time, the day before the head has the right to send the bus to check the technical condition.
The day before the departure at the hands of the organizerthere must be all important documents. These include a copy of the contract of carriage, information about the driver and the medical officer, a copy of the license certificate for the bus, a copy of the driver's license, a copy of the document on the appointment (not the appointment) of the accompanying person, a list of products (dry rations), lists of children and accompanying parents, the order of stops during the journey and the order of landing of children in the car.
If the colony of buses participates in the transportation, the head of the move must set the numbering of buses 2 days before departure.
There are a number of rules in which a trip canbe canceled. First of all, this weather conditions, the second - the change in the conditions of travel, for example, if on the site of the route there were some restrictions, such as the emergence of obstacles.