Arrowhead: a lover of water in nature, on the site and in the aquarium
Pond plants serve as an ornament of reservoirs both in the natural nature, and on personal plots. One of these green aquatic inhabitants is an arrowhead.
What is arrowhead?
The scientific name of the plant with sharp, arrow-like leaves is sagittaria (Sagittaria). There are about 40 species of such green lovers of water bodies around the world. Sagitaria belongs to the Chastuhov family, and by type of growth - to hydrophytic plants. If you considerIf the arrowhead is ordinary in the photo, you can immediately understand why this plant has received such a name: its three-pointed elongated leaves look like arrows. Interestingly, in this ancient Slavic mythology, the god-guard of the marriage bed Lub, associated with this plant, was depicted with this plant, depicted as a golden-haired cat holding a piece of arrowhead in his teeth.
Where do arrowheads grow?
Since an arrowhead is in its vital form, it belongs to hydrophytes, it needs water, and it lives on the banks of water bodies. This plant is distributed in temperate and tropical zones around the globe. The arrowhead can survive a small drought, for him the most important thing is to keep the roots moistened with water. Perhaps it is precisely because of their ability to survive minor periods of lack of sufficient water that the arrowheads could widely spread around the planet, choosing coastal areas for life.
What do plants look like?
One of the most common pond and coastal plants is the arrowhead. Its description is given in most reference books on hydrophyte plants, because the life and development of this plant numbering about 4 dozen species depend on the presence of a sufficient amount of water. A feature of the arrowhead, which gave it a name, was an interesting kind of leaves. But this leaf shape is not the only one for this plant. The form of arrows has only those leaves that are above the water, but underwater leaves are like thin filaments, reaching more than a meter in length.The leaves are located on a triangular stem, completely immersed in water and filled with a special tissue - aerenchy, which allows the plant to breathe. A beautiful arrowhead is not only with its interesting leaf shape, but also with flowers. They are collected in a small brush that combines three buds. Each flower has three white petals with a pink base, lying in a three-membered green cup. A feature of the arrowhead is that the lower two whorls of peduncles consist of pistillate flowers, while the rest - from staminate. These aquatic plants bloom almost all summer - from mid-July to mid-August. Pollination occurs with the help of insects. FROM
How to decorate a pond?
The pond on the garden plot will always look beautiful, if you provide him with the natural flora. Plants taken in the near pond and carefully transferred to the garden will create a beautiful natural beauty corner. Replace arrowheads most conveniently with nodules. They are collected in the fall or spring, transplanted into the muddy soil near the reservoir. Well, if the place is sufficiently illuminated by sunlight, it will allow the plant to grow faster.More for the arrowhead does not need anything - no dressing, no watering. You can take care of the pond, removing excess plants, planting some new items.
Breeding arrowhead ordinary in an aquarium is easy if you remember that this plant requires water and light. You can use the plants purchased in a specialized shop, but you can take the arrowhead from the nearest bank of the pond or river. For the aquarium it is best to choose with underwater leaves. They do not have such a beautiful shape as the surface ones, but on the bottom of the aquarium they will create beautiful growth. For those plants that were taken from natural conditions, it is best to use a large aquarium. For small interior decorations with fish, special forms of the arrowhead should be acquired, for example, a dwarf arrowhead. If the reservoir for fish is well lit, then the soil for plants can be chosen rather scanty - sandy, finely stony. But if the aquarium is out of the reach of the sun and the lighting is not enough, you will have to add sludge to the ground so that there are enough nutrients and the plants feel good.When arranging an aquarium with large pebbles and plants, including an arrowhead, it is necessary to provide special holes filled with fine sand and silt for the plant to take root.
Strelloist ordinary - one of those plants that feel good in a natural and artificial environment. It is unpretentious, well suited for decorating the reservoir on the plot. In addition to natural beauty, the roots of the plant have nutritional value and also have properties that are medically beneficial. For example, Indians have been using nodules of arrowhead for centuries as a substitute for potatoes. The high content of starchy substances in the roots of this aquatic plant makes it useful in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. If you want to taste the roots of the arrowhead, it can be done in spring or autumn. Collected in the summer of the roots of plants in food unfit.