Apple tree "Florina": a brief description of the plant, growing conditions
Apple Tree "Florina" is one of the most lovedvarieties of apples of many gardeners. Such popularity is caused by regular fruit bearing, good yield, resistance to diseases and special aroma of fruits.
Apple Tree "Florina": description
This plant is suitable for growing both inheat, and in a temperate climate. If you need a variety that keeps fruit fresh for up to six months, it's the apple tree Florina. Description of the apple tree:
- average height (not less than 1.8 m);
- the color of the fruit is yellow with a bright red blush;
- apples of large and medium shape, asymmetric;
- average productivity;
- good drought resistance;
- winter hardiness is average.
The above mentioned apple variety introduced in France ripens late.
The main advantage of the apple tree is Florina: has a persistent immunity to various diseases, including powdery mildew and scab. Therefore, this variety is very popular with many gardeners. Good immunity can significantly reduce the cost of production, because you do not need to spend money on special means against pests.
What is special about Florina?
Due to their excellent performance theseapples stand out among other varieties. What attracts the variety of "Florina"? The apple tree, whose photo adorns the encyclopedias of horticulture, has very fragrant and sweet-sweet fruits.
Weight of apples is not less than 150 gr., they have a pulp of a greenish-cream shade, sourish-sweet taste. For these fruits, the skin is tender, not firm. Some breeders claim that the taste and aroma of apples "Florina" resembles a melon.
Apple tree "Florina": caring for the plant
This kind of apples does not require special care, but still a little attention will have to be paid to it. Young seedlings are planted in pits the size of 60 * 100 cm, abundantly watered.
To the tree was resistant to wind, a peg is jammed near it and a young plant is tied to it. Apple tree "Florina" does not tolerate acid soils.
In the spring, we need to weed the soil near the tree anda little to feed it. In summer and autumn it is necessary to conduct loosening of the earth and remove the fallen leaves. This is done in order to ensure the flow of oxygen to the tree system.
Top dressing: apple tree "Florina" prefers nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate). It must be remembered that it is strictly forbidden to feed the plant in the autumn, since nitrogen reduces frost resistance.
In an arid and excessively hot summer it is important to water the plant abundantly. In some cases, additional watering is shown.
It should be noted that the branches of the tree need to be backed up in time, as they weigh a lot in the period of fruiting.
Preparing the plant for winter
The yield of apple-tree "Florina" directly depends on how it hibernated.
Gardeners argue that the preparation of the plant for winter should be carefully, adhering to several simple recommendations:
- It is important to cover the root system of the plant with fallen leaves. This will protect the tree from severe frosts.
- The trunk of the apple tree is to be pricked with spiny spruce branches or whiten it with lime. This will protect the tree from rodents.
It is important to perform whitewashing to frost. It should be noted that in the spring lime still loses its properties, so you can use special processing solutions of chemicals against rodents. They can be used throughout the winter and spring periods without restrictions. The above measures will help preserve the beauty and health of the tree and provide it with an opportunity to winter well and without complications.
With proper care, the apple tree "Florina" will reward you with good harvests of juicy fragrant fruits for many years.