Apple Nedzvetskogo: description of the variety and reviews
Apple Nedzvetskogo is considered one of the most beautiful ornamental varieties. A distinctive feature of this relatively small tree is a smooth trunk and a charming, abundant, dark pink bloom.
In addition, the variety has good frost resistance, due to which it has become quite widespread in gardens.
History of the variety
The variety is named after the famous botanist Nedzwiecki, who collected the fruits of this tree in the vicinity of Kashkar.
The birthplace of this beautiful variety is Asia, from where it spread to Europe and North America. According to archaeological data, the Nedzwiecki apple tree has existed for more than one thousand years, and today this variety has several species that are distinguished by their crown, color of leaves and apples. Most species of this variety are obtained naturally, through pollination and adaptation to different climatic conditions.
At present, a large number of apple trees grow throughout the Russian Federation, which were bred with the participation of the Nedzvetskogo variety.Wild species of this variety are often used to decorate urban squares and parks.
Apple Nedzwiecki: features of the variety
This is a small tree, up to 8 meters high. The branches are smooth, without spines. Young shoots of dark purple color. The leaves are also purple when blooming. In the period of complete lining, only the stalks remain intensely colored. The plate is dark green above, purple below, pubescent. Due to this, the color of the crown is rather peculiar. In the buds, the flowers are dark purple, and when blooming - pink or purple. They are located on white-felt, thin peduncles, due to which the apple tree stands out from the total mass of flowering trees.
Apple Nedzvetskogo fruit has small (in diameter not more than 2 centimeters), single, spherical. The rind is maroon, with wax bloom, pink flesh.
Apple Nedzvetskogo: reviews
You can eat apples, but they do not have especially valuable taste and characteristics of the application for processing.
Apple tree is decorative, resistant to diseases and pests. It grows fast enough. The grade is recommended for wide use, but is especially attractive in colorful compositions and single landings on lawns.
This decorative apple tree is characterized by increased resistance to frost and heat. It is also unpretentious to the composition of the soil and dusty air. The only thing that the apple-tree of Nedzvetskogo does not like is the increased soil moisture, as a result of which it is not recommended to be planted near water bodies. Planting seedlings is best done in sunny areas.
The growth of trees is quite intense. Propagation can be carried out by seeds or seedlings. Planted seedlings in the second year of life in a permanent place, where they most often take root without difficulty.
Like most of the varieties, the Nedzwiecki apple tree is planted both in spring (before the start of sap flow) and in the autumn period (about a month before the first frost). The distance between the trees is at least 5 meters.
Before the purchase of seedlings, the summer resident should definitely determine the depth of the groundwater in the area. Apple trees, when they fall into the roots, begin to develop poorly, give a low yield, lose their winter hardiness and may soon die.You also need to pay attention to the time that the first 2 years of the tree should be tied to a peg that will support them.
When planting seedlings need to control the depth of the root of the neck. It should be 5-10 cm above ground level. During the procedure, carefully spread roots evenly fall asleep with soil, at the same time periodically compacting it. In order to ensure better contact of the roots with the ground, the seedling after planting must be plentifully watered. The following watering of a tree is carried out not earlier than in a week.
Caring for apples of this variety is traditional. During the first 2-3 years, it consists in removing weeds around seedlings and carrying out regular watering. In the summer, young trees are watered about once a month, and the flow rate for each tree is 3-4 buckets of water. However, in dry summers and on sandy soils, the amount of watering should be increased to 1-2 times a week.
For an adult apple, the approximate amount of water consumed is calculated by the age of the tree - one bucket for each year of life (for example, for a 5-year-old norm - 5 buckets).
Adult fruiting apple trees require at least 4 heavy irrigations:
- before bud break;
- three weeks after flowering;
- three or four weeks before picking;
- after full harvest during the fall foliage.
It is extremely undesirable to water the trees during harvesting, as this causes excessive pouring and cracking of apples and negatively affects their storage during storage.
Apple Nedzvetskogo, as a rule, does not need a strong pruning. Her pruning involves only thinning, that is, the removal inside the growing and intersecting, as well as dry and damaged branches.