Antibiotic cough. Drug List
For many people, spring and autumn are associated with bouts of painful cough. In some, this protective reflex of the body occurs as a symptom of an allergic reaction, in others - against the background of colds. Not wanting to go to the hospital, most people who suffer from coughing decide for themselves to buy an antibiotic in the hope that it will help. Most often, such self-treatment leads to dysbiosis and other disorders in the body, and the true problem remains unsolved. Therefore, we will try to understand what and when it is necessary to use a cough antibiotic and in what situations it is better not to use it.
What you need to know?
Few bother to study the information about the disease that struck them. And at the first cough, without understanding the reasons for its occurrence, they run for the antibiotic and acquire the one that the neighbor or girlfriend advised. This approach to treatment is totally unacceptable. If the appeal to the doctor is not included in the plans for the next few days, you need to figure out what caused the load on the larynx and determine the nature of the cough.And only then go to the pharmacy, consult with the pharmacist and purchase the necessary medication. But recall that the best option would be if the doctor prescribes an antibiotic for coughing and temperature.
By the number of sputum cough is divided into productive (wet) and unproductive (dry). The first suggests that the inflammatory process is no longer progressing and the mucus began to move away from the bronchi and lungs. However, to stop the treatment of the disease with such a cough is absolutely impossible. As for unproductive cough, it occurs much more often and is the result of excessive irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Such a symptom may appear as a result of mechanical effects on the throat or an allergic reaction, as well as against the background of various diseases.
By the nature of the manifestation of cough can be short, continuous, paroxysmal, barking, periodic and hoarse.
Do I need an antibiotic for coughing?
Doctors often prescribe antibacterial drugs for productive and prolonged dry cough. And sometimes this therapy can be aimed at preventing the occurrence of complications of the disease.However, there is a proven fact that antibiotics cannot cure both wet and dry cough if the disease has a viral etiology. In addition, various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the addiction of bacteria to the drug can be the result of this therapy, which further complicates the treatment.
What antibiotics can be prescribed?
It is worth reminding again that only a doctor can choose the right antibiotic for cough. It is the specialist who, after examining the patient, will prescribe a series of laboratory tests to determine the bacterial infection. And only after receiving the results of the study, he will appoint an effective cough antibiotic for a particular case.
A patient with a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract may be recommended a drug that is included in one of the four main groups. And the first position in this list is occupied by penicillins. All preparations of this group destroy the walls of bacteria, as a result of which pathogenic microorganisms die. The second position is occupied by cephalosporin antibiotics. As for the third place in the list of often recommended antibacterial drugs, it belongs to macrolides.Complete the list of fluoroquinolones. Each of these groups will be considered in more detail.
It is also worth noting that antibacterial treatment is not always required if a cough appears. Antibiotics are prescribed only in cases of bacterial infection.
Penicillins: a list of drugs
Penicillin is used as the basis of all drugs in this category. This active ingredient interferes with the production of a peptidoglycan by a pathogenic cell, as a result of which it cannot be updated and quickly dies. Penicillin preparations are constantly being improved by pharmacists, as many bacteria have adapted to such effects and started producing the so-called antidote - beta-lactamase. Modern penicillin antibiotics can destroy this protective substance of pathogenic microorganisms, while not affecting human cells.
Most often from this group of drugs when coughing prescribed drugs:
- "Flemoksin Solyutab";
The basis of the chemical structure of all drugs in this group is 7-aminocephalosporic acid.The features of the drugs are high bactericidal activity, a wide spectrum of action and high resistance to beta-lactamases. These antibiotics are prescribed when coughing in children and adults in situations where treatment with penicillins has proven to be ineffective.
Today, cephalosporins are divided by sensitivity to beta-lactamase and the spectrum of activity into preparations of the I, II, III and IV generations. The first group includes Cephalexin, Cefazolin, Cefalotin, and others, which have a high antistaphylococcal activity.
II generation cephalosporins are prescribed when penicillin-resistant strains are the cause of cough. The most commonly used drugs are "Cefaclor", "Cefotiam", "Cefuroxime", etc.
As for third-generation cephalosporins, which include such drugs as Cefotaxime, Ceftazidime, Ceftriaxone, Cefixime, Cefttrubit, etc., their spectrum of antimicrobial activity is much wider than in the above groups. To date, these drugs are prescribed quite often both children and adults.
For cephalosporins IV generation include means "Cefepim", "Zefpirim" and others.
Macrolides: action and list of drugs
The basis of the structure of these new-generation antibiotics is a lactone macrocyclic ring. All drugs of this group are active not only to intracellular pathogens, such as chlamydia, mycoplasmas and legionella, but also to gram-positive cocci. In addition, macrolides compared with other groups of drugs are the least toxic. Because these antibiotics when coughing in children prescribed more often than others.
The list of such drugs is quite wide. Only a doctor can say with certainty which antibiotics to take when coughing in each case. The most commonly prescribed medications are:
- "Erythromycin" and others.
Fluoroquinolones: a list of drugs
According to the spectrum of antibacterial action, the leader among all groups is undoubtedly fluoroquinolones. They are widely used in medical practice for the treatment of severe forms of ailments, and also have good compatibility with other drugs. But in addition to the benefits and have a mass of side effects. Therefore, these antibiotics are used when coughing in adults. Children are prescribed only in exceptional cases in limited doses,since the drugs of this group accumulate in the bone tissue and are capable of disrupting the development of cartilage tissue.
For diseases of the respiratory tract and their clinical manifestations (in particular, coughing), agents can be prescribed:
- "Ofloksatsin" and others.
How to pick up an antibiotic?
Regardless of the age of the patient to the selection of antibacterial drugs should be approached correctly. Even if there are all signs of a bacterial infection on the face: body temperature is more than 38 ° C, pronounced leukocytosis and shortness of breath, a long toxic course of the disease - sputum analysis should be done. Such a study will identify the causative agent and determine its sensitivity to drugs. Based on the results of sowing, the doctor will be able to prescribe an effective anti-cough antibiotic.
It would seem that everything is simple, but there are situations when the patient's well-being rapidly deteriorates and there is no time to wait for the results of the study. In such cases, the doctor empirically determines which antibiotics for coughing in adults can stop the development of the infection.In this case, most often the patient is prescribed a broad-spectrum antibacterial drug in the form of a suspension, tablets or powder.
However, it is worth repeating and saying that taking antibiotics without prescribing a specialist can cause many health problems. Therefore, if a cough has begun or other signs of illness have appeared, an urgent need to seek medical help. Only such an algorithm of action in the development of the disease will help quickly, without spending much time, effort and money, to restore health and prevent negative consequences.