Angelfish: breeding at home and care
Aquarium with fish is very beautiful. Many people want to put at home a decoration that not only pleases the eye, but also soothes the nervous system. In this case, I want to swim there is not just a plain unpretentious flocks, but something interesting and beautiful. One of the fish, simple in content, but at the same time beautiful and interesting, is the scalar.
Angelfish, the breeding of which interests many aquarists, are representatives of the cichlid family. Their homeland is the central part of South America. The shape of the leaf fish acquired from the fact that they lived in heavily overgrown reservoirs, in which it is difficult to move with a different body shape. In the aquarium, the angelfish grows to 15 centimeters. Under ideal conditions, there may be about 26 centimeters.
With proper care, these fish live for about 10 years. However, there were cases when the scalar died at the age of 20 years. Such longevity is one of the reasons to choose this particular fish as a pet.And, of course, the life of the aquarium dweller in most cases depends on the owner, on how well and correctly he will take care of his pets.
The long life of the angelfish, breeding, and excellent well-being depend on many factors. For example, it is very important to maintain a high water temperature - 24-28 degrees. Lowering to 18 degrees fish survive, but they will not feel too comfortable. The height of the aquarium should be at least 50 centimeters, and its volume - at least one hundred liters. A smaller tank is quite acceptable, but then you should not expect that the fish will grow large. The pH of the water is 6.5-7.4. It is also important to choose the right plants for the aquarium in which the scalar live. Reproduction occurs mostly with the help of plant leaves, so they are extremely important. Underwater leaflets and twigs should be placed quite thick, while leaving and empty seats.
Since it is important to maintain a high temperature for these fish, it is necessary to equip the aquarium with a heater. When choosing, pay attention to the range of temperatures to which this device can heat water.
In addition, it is necessary to install a compressor, filter, put a thermometer to be able to monitor the temperature. If the aquarium is in the shade, you must install lighting. It is worth remembering that the scalars are quite shy fish, so you should turn on the lighting carefully or not at all. It is advisable to cover the aquarium above (or purchase a container with a lid), as the fish can jump out of the water.
Reproduction of scalar in an aquarium implies, among other things, the need to feed them correctly. However, these fish are not too demanding to feed. Perfectly eat live food: the pipe worker, bloodworms and other types of this food. At the same time, they calmly switch to dry food. However, it must be borne in mind that the shape of the body does not allow the scalar to lift food from the bottom. Therefore, it is best to buy these types of food that will float on the surface and descend very slowly. For the proper development of the scalar fish, the reproduction of which depends on its physical condition, it is important not to overfeed it. Usually they are fed twice a day. Keep in mind that these creatures do not understand when they are saturated.They can eat far more food than they really need. In this case, the fish will earn obesity and lose the ability to reproduce. To prevent this disease, it is necessary to arrange a “fasting day” for them once a week. This means that they do not need to be fed on this day at all.
For those who care for reproduction of scalar at home, it is very important to determine the sex of the individuals. However, it is rather difficult for the scalar. More precisely, before the onset of puberty, it is completely impossible. The main difference in adults is the dorsal fin. In males, it is more elongated. In addition, the number of transverse bands on it in males should not be less than 7, and in females not more than 6 pieces.
But even experienced aquarists find it difficult to correctly determine the sex of the scalar. For this reason, it is recommended to acquire either individuals that have already given offspring, or to take an already formed pair. If this is not possible, you need to take a dozen fry with wide and long fins. Among such a bevy there will necessarily be representatives of both sexes. The pairs of these fish will form themselves, allowing the owner to decide which one to use in breeding.
It is not recommended to break the established pairs, as this is a strong stress, after which the fish may never again enter into "relationships." It is easy to learn a couple - they stick together, the male pushes the female into corners, they swim everywhere one after another.
It is very important to know that it is necessary to equip a special aquarium to spawn the scalar. Reproduction in the general aquarium for these fish is almost impossible.
A couple of producers, it is desirable to feed them all their lives with live food. In extreme cases - frozen. Small fish that received dry food are often not capable of reproduction, they are not large enough, have a pale color.
With proper care, the scalar can lay eggs every 14 days. But for this you need to remove the deferred caviar.
To stimulate spawning, the temperature of the water is increased by 2 degrees, several times a week they change to 10 percent of water. It is advisable to top up boiled water with reduced hardness. Aquarium fish angelfish, the reproduction of which we are interested, prefer to lay eggs on plants, so the container should contain large leaves, pieces of plastic, tiles.
Spawning itself often lasts from 40 to 90 minutes.The female lays the eggs on the cleaned surface of the leaf, after which the male fertilizes her. The process is repeated several times, in total, 700-800 eggs in one bed can be postponed.
Angelfish, the reproduction of which occurs with little or no human intervention, need help in caring for fry. The fact is that they can take care of their offspring on their own for only a few days. After that, their parental instinct just falls asleep. After spawning, they take care of the roe, clean it from dirt, protect it from fish. Sometimes they continue to care until the fry can eat themselves. Unfortunately, this happens quite rarely. Often parents eat their own eggs just a few hours after spawning. That is why it is best to transfer the eggs to a separate incubator.
It is a small aquarium, 50% filled with water from the one in which the parents are kept. The remaining volume is distilled water. It is necessary to equip the incubator with a heater that warms up water to 30 degrees. Air spray is also required.Caviar in the finished container should be placed so that the flow from the spray it was washed, but the air did not get.
To exclude the defeat of the fungus, add methylene blue or special preparations to the water. Lemna will be useful as a biofilter. In addition, infusoria, which are an excellent food for fry, will breed in these thickets.
After a couple of days, the shells of the eggs break, turning into cords, on which the larvae hang. After 4 days, you can already see the heads and yolk sacs from which the larvae are fed. They move constantly, trying to free themselves.
After a week or two, the fry gain freedom. Now they need feeding. For this, it is necessary to prepare in advance live food for the fry: daphnia, ciliates, artemia. Feed the kids need 5-6 times a day. In addition, you need to put a filter in the incubator, for safety, closed with a nylon stocking. The density of fry should be about 2 pieces. per liter of water. If there are more, then you need to transplant to another aquarium. Before one feeding, one-third of the water is changed, removing the remaining food.
After 30-45 days, small scalars acquire a characteristic shape, after which they need to be seated with a density of 4-5 liters of water per fry.Small fish of this age are fed with small bloodworms, live food, and cut pipemaker. Very soon you can move the fry in the usual for this type of aquarium.
Angelfish, the care and reproduction of which is not too simple, have several types. The most common ones are black, gold, white, blue, veil, koi, marble and red.
All these species differ only in appearance, and the content, care, breeding remain the same for all.