A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

One of the most famous astronomers, physicists andphilosophers in the history of mankind - Galileo Galilei. A brief biography and his discoveries, which you will now learn, will allow you to get a general idea of ​​this eminent person.

The first steps in the world of science

Galileo Galileo brief biography and his discoveriesGalileo was born in Pisa (Italy), on February 15, 1564of the year. At the age of eighteen, the young man enters the University of Pisa to study medical matters. At this step, his father pushed him, but because of the lack of money, Galileo was soon forced to leave school. However, the time that the future scientist spent at the university, was not in vain, because here he began to be keenly interested in mathematics and physics. Already not being a student, he did not abandon his passion gifted Galileo Galilei. A brief biography and his discoveries made during this period played an important role in the future fate of the scientist. For some time he devotes himself to an independent study of mechanics, and then, in 1589, returned to the University of Pisa, this time in the role of teachers of mathematics. After some time he was invited to continue teaching at the University of Padua, where he explained the fundamentals of mechanics, geometry and astronomy to students. Just at this time, Galileo began to make significant discoveries for science.

In 1593 the first scientific work of the scientist - the book with the laconic title "Mechanics" - appeared in the light, in which Galileo described his observations.

Astronomical research

After the publication of the book, a newGalileo Galilei. A brief biography and his discoveries are a topic that can not be discussed without mentioning the events of 1609. After all, it is then that Galileo independently builds his first telescope with a concave eyepiece and a convex lens. The device gave an increase of about three times. However, on the achieved, Galileo did not stop. Continuing to improve his telescope, he brought the increase to 32 times. Watching him behind the Earth's satellite - the Moon, Galileo discovered that its surface, like the earth, is not level, but covered with a variety of mountains and numerous craters. Also, four satellites of Jupiter were found, and stars through glass changed their habitual dimensions, and for the first time there was an idea of ​​their global remoteness. The Milky Way was a huge accumulation of millions of new celestial bodies. In addition, the scientist began to observe the phases of Venus, to investigate the movement of the Sun and make notes on sunspots.

Conflict with the Church

The biography of Galileo Galilei is another round ofthe confrontation of the science of that time and the church doctrine. The scientist on the basis of his observations soon comes to the conclusion that the heliocentric system of the world, first proposed and justified by Copernicus, is the only true one. This contradicted the literal understanding of Psalms 93 and 104, and in addition, verse from Ecclesiastes 1: 5, in which one can find a reference to the immobility of the Earth. Galileo was summoned to Rome, where he was demanded to stop propagating "heretical" views, and the scientist was forced to submit.

Galileo Galilean discoveryHowever, on this Galileo Galilei, whose discoveriesat that time have already been evaluated by some representatives of the scientific community, has not stopped. In 1632 he makes a cunning move - he publishes a book called "Dialogue about the two most important systems of the world - Ptolemaic and Copernicus". Written this work was in an unusual at the time a form of dialogue, which involved two supporters of the theory of Copernicus, as well as one follower of the teachings of Ptolemy and Aristotle. Pope Urban VIII, a good friend of Galileo, even gave permission for the publication of the book. But it did not last long - only after a couple of months the work was found to be contrary to the dogmas of the church and it is forbidden. The author was summoned to Rome for trial.

The investigation lasted quite a long time: from April 21 to June 21, 1633. On June 22, Galileo was forced to pronounce the text proposed to him, according to which he renounced his "false" beliefs.

Recent years in the life of a scientist

Work had to be in difficult conditions. Galileo was sent to his home in Archerri, which is in Florence. Here he was under the constant supervision of the Inquisition and had no right to go to the city (Rome). In 1634, the beloved daughter of a scientist who had cared for him for a long time passed away.

Death came to Galilee on January 8, 1642. He was buried in the territory of his villa, without any honors and even without a tombstone. However, in 1737, after almost a hundred years, the last will of the scientist was fulfilled - his ashes were transferred to the monastic side-chapel of the Florentine cathedral of Santa Croce. On the seventeenth of March he was finally buried there, not far from the grave of Michelangelo.

biography of Galileo Galileo

Posthumous rehabilitation

Was Galileo Galilei right in his convictions? A brief biography and his discoveries for a long time were the topic of disputes between clergymen and the luminaries of the scientific world, on this basis, many conflicts and disputes developed. However, only on December 31, 1992 (!) John Paul II officially recognized that the Inquisition in the 33rd year of the XVII century made a mistake, forcing the scientist to renounce the heliocentric theory of the universe formulated by Nicolaus Copernicus.

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A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

A man who turned the world of science. Galileo Galilei. Short biography and his discoveries

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